Spanish Personal Pronouns

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  • Topic: Complemento indirecto, Pronombre, Objeto directo
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Spanish Grammar Level One / Basic Level
Personal Pronouns (1).
Pronombres Personales en Español.
Spanish Basic Level/Level One
Español Nivel Básico/ Nivel Uno

Beginner
Grammar

INTRODUCTION
In this lesson we’ll dedicate a section to the personal pronouns (tonic and atonic) and another for the pronouns called pronombres objeto acting as direct and indirect objects, and we’ll take a look at when they’re used.

CONTENTS
PRONOMBRES PERSONALES (PERSONAL PRONOUNS)
Atonic personal pronouns
Tonic personal pronouns:
a) complemento directo (direct object)
b) complemento indirecto (indirect object)

Use of the pronoun
PERSONAL PRONOUNS
Definition: The personal pronouns refer to one of the three grammatical persons: first: the person who speaks; second: the person being spoken to; and third: that which refers to any other person or thing.

PERSONAL PRONOUNS:
Yo (me) First person singular //Primera Persona del Singular Tú/usted (you) Second Person Singular // Segunda Persona del Singular Él/ella (him/her) Third Person Singular // Tercera Persona del Singular Nosotros/as (us) First Person Plural // Primera Persona del Plural Vosotros /as (you [plural]) Second Person Plural // Segunda Persona del Plural Ellos/as (them) Third Person Plural // Tercera Persona del Plural

Personal pronouns can be:
Átonos (atonic): me, te, se, nos, os, lo(s), la(s), le(s). Tónicos (tonic): yo, tú, él, ella, nosotros/as, vosotros/as, ellos/as, mí, ti, sí.

Function in the Sentence: Funcion en la Oracion
1. Sujeto (subject): yo, tú, él, ella, nosotros/as, vosotros/as, ellos/as 2. Objeto directo (direct object): me, te, se, lo, la, nos, os, se, los, las 3. Objeto indirecto (indirect object):
a) with preposición (preposition): mí, ti, sí, él, ella, nosotros, vosotros, sí, ellos, ellas b) without preposición (preposition): me, te, le, nos, os, les 4. Complemento circunstancial (adverbial): mí, yo, ti, tú, sí, él, ella, nosotros, vosotros, sí, ellos, ellas. --------------

The Pronouns (2): Tonic and Atonic Personal Pronouns
Beginner
Grammar
TONIC PERSONAL PRONOUNS
The tonic pronouns are those that can function as:
Sujeto (subject): yo vengo (I come), tú comes (you eat), él canta (he sings), nosotros dormimos (we sleep), ellas juegan (they [fem] play)... Atributo (attribute): mis padres son ellos (my parents are those) Complemento preposicional (prepositional complement): mi tía viene conmigo (my aunt’s coming with me)... SINGULAR

1. YO, MI, A MI (CONMIGO)
2. TÚ, TI, A TI (CONTIGO)
3. ÉL / ELLA, SI (CONSIGO) (male/female)

PLURAL (male/female)
1. NOSOTROS / NOSOTRAS
2. VOSOTROS / VOSOTRAS
3. ELLOS / ELLAS

OBSERVATIONS:
The third person has two genders: masculine and feminine. The third person doesn’t vary in its reflexive value in gender and number. When the preposition is con (with) it precedes mí, ti, and sí and is used with the forms: conmigo (with me), contigo (with you), consigo (with him/her).

ATONIC PERSONAL PRONOUNS
The atonic personal pronouns function as complemento directo or indirecto (direct or indirect object), or as part of the verbos pronominales (verbs with an obligatory atonic pronoun). Ex: maquillarse (to put on makeup), él se afeita (he shaves). These pronouns are enclíticos when the ‘se’ comes after the verb (ex: sentarse (to sit down)). They are proclíticos when the ‘se’ comes before the verb (ex: me siento (I sit down)). SINGULAR

1st PERSON: ME
2nd PERSON: TE
3rd PERSON: LE/ LA, LO

REFLEXIVE FORM: SE
PLURAL
1st PERSON: NOS
2nd PERSON: OS
3rd PERSON: LES/ LAS, LOS

REFLEXIVE FORM: SE
a) Complemento directo (direct object):
Singular: me, te, lo, la, (le)
Plural: nos, os, las, les
b) Complemento indirecto (indirect object):
Singular: me, te, le
Plural: nos, os, les

OBSERVATIONS:
The 1st and 2nd person of the singular (direct object and indirect object) are the same,...
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