Spandex in Theatre: the Role of Postmodernism in the Development of Cross Cultural Polination

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Postmodernism
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This article is about the movement. For the condition or state of being, see Postmodernity. For other uses, see Postmodernism (disambiguation). Postmodernism|
preceded by Modernism|
Postmodernity|
* Hypermodernity * Hypermodernism in art * Metamodernism * Post-anarchism * Posthumanism * Postmodernist anthropology * Post-processual archaeology * Postmodern architecture * Postmodern art * Postmodern Christianity * Postmodern dance * Postmodern feminism * Postmodernist film * Postmodern literature * Post-Marxism * Post-materialism * Postmodern music * Postmodern picture book * Postmodern philosophy * Postmodern psychology * Postmodern political science * Postpositivism * Post-postmodernism * Postmodernist school * Postmodern social construction of nature * Postmodern theatre * Post-structuralism * Criticism of postmodernism| * v * t * e|

Postmodernism is in general the era that follows Modernism.[1] It frequently serves as an ambiguous overarching term for skeptical interpretations of culture, literature, art, philosophy, economics, architecture, fiction, and literary criticism. It is also confused with deconstruction and post-structuralism because its usage as a term gained significant popularity at the same time as twentieth-century post-structural thought. Contents * 1 Deconstruction * 2 Postmodernism and Structuralism * 2.1 Post-structuralism * 3 Postmodernism and Post-postmodernism * 4 History of term * 5 Influence on art * 5.1 Architecture * 5.2 Urban planning * 5.3 Literature * 5.4 Music * 6 Influential postmodernist philosophers * 7 Criticisms * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links| Deconstruction

Main article: Deconstruction
One of the most well-known postmodernist concerns is "deconstruction," a concern for philosophy, literary criticism, and textual analysis developed by Jacques Derrida. The notion of a "deconstructive" approach implies an analysis that questions the already evident deconstruction of a text in terms of presuppositions, ideological underpinnings, hierarchical values, and frames of reference. A deconstructive approach further depends on the techniques of close reading without reference to cultural, ideological, moral opinions or information derived from an authority over the text such as the author. At the same time Derrida famously writes: "Il n'y a pas de hors-texte (there is no such thing as outside-of-the-text)."[2] Derrida implies that the world follows the grammar of a text undergoing its own deconstruction. Derrida's method frequently involves recognizing and spelling out the different, yet similar interpretations of the meaning of a given text and the problematic implications of binary oppositions within the meaning of a text. Derrida's philosophy influenced a postmodern movement called deconstructivism among architects, characterized by the intentional fragmentation, distortion, and dislocation of architectural elements in designing a building. Derrida discontinued his involvement with the movement after the publication of his collaborative project with architect Peter Eisenmann in Chora L Works: Jacques Derrida and Peter Eisenman.[3] Postmodernism and Structuralism

| This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2012) | Further information: Manifestations of Postmodernism

Structuralism was a philosophical movement developed by French academics in the 1950s, partly in response to French Existentialism. It has been seen variously as an expression of Modernism, High modernism, or postmodernism[by whom?]. "Post-structuralists" were thinkers who moved away...
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