Sources of Ethics

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0- JOHN STEINER AND GEORGE STEINER SIX PRIMARY SOURCES OF ETHICS:6

1- Religion:6

2- Genetic Inheritance:8

3- Philosophical Systems:8

4- Cultural Experience:8

5- The Legal System:9

6- Codes of Conduct:9

2.0- EXPLANATION OF THE SOURCES OF ETHICS:10

2.1- RELIGION:10

Teaching business ethics12

2.11- Impact Of Religiosity:13

2.12- Ethics Of Islam:14

Nature of Islamic Ethics17

The Human-Environment Relationship:20

The Sustainable Care of Nature:22

The Practice of Islamic Environmental Ethics:22

2.14- Ethics And Other Religion:25

2.2- GENETIC INHERITANCE:31

2.21- LINKAGE OF GENETICS AND ETHICS:32

Introduction:32

HumGen:37

Nuffield Council on Bioethics:39

The European Union’s:43

2.22- GENETICAL BEHAVIOR:44

2.23- ETHICS OF BEHAVIOR HAS A BIOLOGICAL BASIS?47

Behavioural Ethics And Genetics Study:48

Implications of Behavioural Genetics Research In Society:50

How the genes influence behaviour and ethics:52

2.3- PHILOSOPHICAL:55

2.31- Contribution Of In Ethics By The Source Of Philosophical Systems:55

2.32- Contribution of Aristotle:57

2.33- Contributions By Other Important Philosophers:58

2.34- Rights Theory:64

2.35- Contribution By KANT:65

2.36- Contribution By ROSS:66

2.4- CULTURAL:68

2.5- LEGAL SYSTEM:71

2.6- CODES OF ETHICS:74

2.61- Company Codes:74

Code of ethics (corporate or business ethics)74

code of ethics(business of ethics)75

Code of conduct (employee ethics)75

Code of practice (professional ethics)76

General codes of ethics:76

Examples77

2.62- Company Operating Policy:77

I. INTRODUCTION78

II. COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS AND ETHICAL BUSINESS CONDUCT80

III. CONTRACT AUTHORITY81

IV. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST83

V. FAIR DEALINGS88

VI. RECEIPT OF GIFTS, LOANS, FAVORS, OR OTHER GRATUITIES88

VII. USE OF THE COMPANY FUNDS OR OTHER RESOURCES90

VIII. POLITICAL CONTRIBUTIONS93

IX. CORPORATE RECORDS93

X. APPROVAL OF EXPENSES95

XI. MEDIA, REGULATORY, LEGAL AND OTHER INQUIRIES95

E. Subpoenas or Other Legal Process98

XII. DISCIPLINARY ACTION AND VIOLATIONS OF THE CODE98

XIV. APPLICATION/WAIVERS100

XV. TO REPORT AN ETHICS VIOLATION101

2.63- Many professional and industries association’s code of ethics:102

RESPONSIBILITIES OF A PROFESSIONAL:102

3.0- CONCLUSION:105

4.0-REFFERENCES106

1.0- JOHN STEINER AND GEORGE STEINER SIX PRIMARY SOURCES OF ETHICS:

Six primary sources have been identified in the American business area by ethics scholars George and john steiner as under:

1- Religion:

The great world religion as we hav seen are:

• Judaism

• Christianity

• Islam

The business people in this religion believe that their religion provides them with ethical principles/standards, which can be applied in business. The jewish tradition and the Christian tradition refer to religious ethical teaching as the ten commandments which are believed to have been divinely revealed as the will of God.

THE TEN COMMANDMENTS:

These are one of the earliest recorded codes of conduct as found in the Bible.

The ethical commands in this are:

• Honour our father and your mother, that you may have a long life in the land which the lord, your God, is giving you.

• You shall not kill

• You shall not commit adultery

• You shall not steal

• You should not bear false witness against your neighbours

• You shall not cover your neighbour’s house. You shall not covet your neighbours wife, nor his male or female slave, nor his ox or ass, nor anything else that belongs to him.

Tradition in both cases- and reinforced for Christians y the teaching of Jesus – has come to view these commandments from God as ethical principles which forbid doing anything to destroy or harm another “ person’s life or marriage or...
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