Sociology Study Guide

Topics: Sociology, Culture, Popular culture Pages: 4 (751 words) Published: September 29, 2014
Sociology
Chapter 2 Culture
X. CULTURE – THE DEFINITION
A. CULTURE – SOCIETY - A CHANGING WORLD 1. Importance of Culture 2. Culture – Material and Non-material
3. Cultural Universals
$. Social Institutions (Adams)
B. COMPONENTS OF CULTURE
1. Symbols – anything that can represent anything else
2. Language – symbols that successfully communicate ideas
3. Values

4. Norms
C. TECHNOLOGY - CULTURAL CHANGE – DIVERSITY

1. Cultural Change – Technology and Cultural Lag
2. Cultural Diversity – Subcultures and Countercultures 3. Ethnocentricism and Cultural Relativism D. GLOBAL POPULAR CULTURE
1. High Culture and Popular Culture
2. Forms of Popular Culture – Fads – Fashion – Imperialism E. SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF POPULAR CULTURE 1. Functionalism 2. Conflict
3. Symbolic Interactionism
X. CULTURE – THE DEFINITION
A total way of “BE-ING” (most basic action verb?) - Knowledge - Language
- Values
- Customs
- Material Objects
- Passed on Person-to-Person and
Generation to Generation
SOCIOLOGY – INSTRUCTOR: DOUGLAS ADAMS CHAPTER #2 – CULTURE A. CULTURE – SOCIETY - A CHANGING WORLD 1. Importance of Culture 2. Culture – Material and Non-material
3. Cultural Universals
$. Social Institutions (Adams)
A. CULTURE AND SOCIETY
1. Importance of Culture
a. Humans need Culture to Survive
b. Society needs Culture to Survive (Stability - Certainty) We are “society”
We CREATE “society”
We RE-CREATE “society” continuously.
A. CULTURE AND SOCIETY
2. Culture – Material and Non-material
a. Material Culture – Physical Creations - make, use, share * Technology (through which raw material transformed) b. Non-Material Culture – Abstract – Intangible – Concepts * Language – Beliefs – Values – Rules Non-Material Culture is “transformed” into Material Culture through the Technology. A. CULTURE AND SOCIETY

3. Cultural Universals
a. Over 70 Cultural Universals (George Murdock)
b. Appearance – Activities – Customs – Social Institutions *...
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