Sociology Quiz

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Chapter 3: Culture
1)| d| Which of the following is an aspect of culture?| | a.| A comic book|
| b.| The patriotic attachment to the flag of the United States| | c.| Slang words|
| d.| All of the above|
2)| c| People’s needs for food, shelter, and clothing are examples of what George Murdock referred to as| | a.| norms.|
| b.| folkways.|
| c.| cultural universals.|
| d.| cultural practices.|
3)| a| What term do sociologists use to refer to the process by which a cultural item spreads from group to group or society to society?| | a.| diffusion|
| b.| globalization|
| c.| innovation|
| d.| cultural practices|
4)| b| The appearance of Starbucks coffeehouses in China is a sign of what aspect of culture?| | a.| innovation|
| b.| globalization|
| c.| diffusion|
| d.| cultural relativism|
5)| c| Which of the following statements is true according to the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis?| | a.| Language simply describes reality.|
| b.| Language does not transmit stereotypes related to race.| | c.| Language precedes thought.|
| d.| Language is not an example of cultural universal.| 6)| d| Which of the following statements about norms is correct?| | a.| People do not follow norms in all situations. In some cases, they evade a norm because they know it is weakly enforced. | | b.| In some instances, behavior that appears to violate society’s norms may actually represent adherence to the norms of a particular group.| | c.| Norms are violated in some instances because one norm conflicts with another.| | d.| all of the above|

7)| b| Which of the following statements about values is correct?| | a.| Values never change.|
| b.| The values of a culture may change, but most remain relatively stable during any one person’s lifetime.| | c.| Values are constantly changing; sociologists view them as being very unstable.| | d.| all of the above|

8)| b| Which of the following terms describes the set of cultural beliefs and practices that help to maintain powerful social, economic, and political interests?| | a.| mores|
| b.| dominant ideology|
| c.| consensus|
| d.| values|
9)| c| Terrorist groups are examples of|
| a.| cultural universals. |
| b.| subcultures.|
| c.| countercultures.|
| d.| dominant ideologies.|
10)| c| What is the term used when one places a priority on understanding other cultures, rather than dismissing them as “strange” or “exotic”?| | a.| ethnocentrism|
| b.| culture shock|
| c.| cultural relativism|
| d.| cultural value|
11) Symbols are gestures, objects, and/or words that form the basis of human communication. 12) Innovation is the process of introducing a new idea or object to culture. 13) The bow and arrow, the automobile, and the television are all examples of inventions . 14) Sociologists associated with the interactionist perspective emphasize the language and symbols offer a powerful way for a subculture to maintain its identity. 15) “Put on some clean clothes for dinner” and “Thou shalt not kill” are both examples of norms found in U.S. culture. 16) The United States has strong mores against murder, treason, and other forms of abuse that have been institutionalized into formal norms. 17) From a(n) conflict perspective, the ideology has major social significance. Not only do society’s most powerful groups and institutions control wealth and property; more important, they control means of production. 18) Countercultures (e.g., hippies) are typically popular among the young , who have the least investment in the existing culture. 19) A person experiences culture shock when he or she feels disoriented, uncertain, out of place, even fearful, when immersed in an unfamiliar culture. 20) From the functionalist...
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