Sociology Module 2 Study Notes

Topics: Sociology, Social stratification, Max Weber Pages: 47 (15525 words) Published: October 12, 2014
CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

READINGS IN SOCIOLOGY

RESOURCE MATERIALS FOR
CARIBBEAN ADVANCED PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION
(CAPE)
SYLLABUS IN SOCIOLOGY

Contributor:

Dr. Nasser Mustapha
Mr. Bennie Berkeley
Ms. Vashti Deochan

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
WESTERN ZONE OFFICE

SOCIOLOGY RESOURCE MATERIAL

CONTENTS

UNIT

1

#

TITLE

PAGE

Preface
MODULE

1

SOCIOLOGY, CULTURE AND IDENTITY

Chapter

1

The Development of Sociology

Chapter

2

How do we Study Society

Chapter

3

Culture, Identity and Globalisation

1 - 49

Preface

Sociology, the scientific study of human society, is becoming increasingly popular among Caribbean students.

Sociology examines contemporary society, its major social institutions

(including how they fit together and how they impact upon individuals), and the dynamics of human relationships. The sociological perspective also provides a basis for the understanding of various social problems, thereby building a foundation for life-long learning and career preparation. This Reader discusses sociological concepts and principles as they apply to Caribbean society. It covers critical areas of the Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Examinations (CAPE) Sociology Syllabus, the aims of which include:

1.

the development of an understanding of the basic concepts and principles of Sociology;

2.

the development of an understanding of the main theoretical perspectives in Sociology from the classical to the contemporary period and their application to the Caribbean;

3.

the use of the main research methods of sociologists;

4.

the appreciation of the dynamics of Caribbean society focusing on socio-cultural continuity and change, diversity and similarity, consensus and conflict;

5.

the development of a sense of personal and cultural identity, including a moral responsibility and social commitment, as Caribbean people.

The Reader is divided into three sections. Section One introduces students to the theories and methods of Sociology. Section Two focuses on structures of power and social stratification and Section Three deals with the study of selected social institutions, namely, the family, religion and education. The text follows the topics and structure of the CAPE Sociology syllabus in a readerfriendly format directed at both teacher and student. There are several activities throughout the text to enhance the understanding of the concepts and issues addressed. Sources and further readings are provided for further exploration of the topics. – Nasser Mustapha, January 2005

MODULE 1
SOCIOLOGY, CULTURE AND IDENTITY

WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY?
INTRODUCTION
We like to think of ourselves as individuals who are unique in many respects. Though we are different in many ways, we have a lot in common with other people. We all belong to groups. And these groups influence how we think and how we behave. We are not as free as we think, but our thoughts, ideas and behaviour are unconsciously influenced by our contact with social forces. The subject matter of sociology is not strange to any of us. Since the discipline deals with human social life, we are exposed to sociological experiences on a daily basis. Sociology examines aspects of social life that might otherwise be overlooked or taken for granted.

Defining Sociology

Auguste Comte, who, is said to have been the founding father of the subject, coined the term ‘sociology’. The term "Sociology" is said to have its roots in the Greek words 'socio' meaning 'society' and 'logos' meaning knowledge. In explaining what is sociology, different sociologists have differing explanations due to the fact that there are many theories in sociology. There is no one set or correct definition of what sociology is. Some sociologists define sociology as the study of the structures in society, while others define it as the study of individuals in society. Thus the focus is on certain parts of...
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