sociology in pakistan

Topics: Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto, Islam Pages: 5 (1305 words) Published: December 12, 2013

Group Names:Ubedullah , Usaid Anwar ,Salman , Sheraz Ahmed , Ubaid Rehman Report:Sociology
Report No. 1.
Report Subject (topic): Religion & Politics in Pakistan
Submitted To:
Sir Qamar Abbas
International Islamic University

Definition of Religion
Definition of Politics
History of Religion
History of Politics
Analysis (Religion & Politics)

Definition of Religion

Religion means to give up or follow rules & regulations which are given. The belief in a god or in a group of gods. An organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship a god or a group of gods, an interest, a belief, or an activity that is very important to a person or group. Personal set or institutionalized system of religious attitudes, beliefs and practices Religion & consequences in Pakistan:

Pakistan is that country which is made up or established on basis of religion percepts because as we know that MOTO of Pakistan is ‘LA ILLAH IL-ALLAH MOHAMMAD-UR-RASOOL’ALLAH’ and Pakistan contains its full name as ‘Islamic Republic of Pakistan’.Although there are many religions in Pakistan but all religions have equal rights, all are respected in brotherhood. Majority

Islam: Muslims 97% (Sunni 77%, Shia 20%)
Christianity, Hinduism, Parsis and others 3% (Christians are the largest minority group) 

Definition of Politics

Concept of Politics is to have rules & regulations on which basis nation can lead peaceful life.  Politics is the practice and theory of influencing other people on a civic or individual level. More narrowly, it refers to achieving and exercising positions of governance and organized control over a human community, particularly a state. A variety of methods are employed in politics, which include promoting its own political views among people, negotiation with other political subjects, making laws, and exercising force, including warfare against adversaries. Politics is exercised on a wide range of social levels, from clans and tribes of traditional societies, through modern local governments, companies and institutions up to sovereign states, to international level. A political system is a framework which defines acceptable political methods within a given society. History of political thought can be traced back to early antiquity, with seminal works such as Plato's Republic, Aristotle's Politics and opus of Confucius.

History of Religion in Pakistan
Islam is the state religion of Pakistan, and about 95-98% of Pakistanis are Muslims. Islam is the largest and the state religion of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, which has a population of about 190,291,129.The majority (95-97%) of the Pakistani people are Muslim while the remaining 3-5% are Christian, Hindu, and others.Sunnis are the majority while the Shias make up between 5-20%of the total Muslim population of the country. Pakistan has the second largest number of Shias after Iran, which numbers between 16.5 million to as high as 30 million Hinduism:

Hinduism the second largest religion in Pakistan accounting for 1.85% of the population. The Last population census divided the population into 1.6% Hindu Jati and 0.25% Scheduled castes. Punjab province of modern day Pakistan on the banks of Indus river around 1500 BCE and spread from there across South and South East Asia slowly developing and evolving into the various forms of the faith we see today. Although no population census recording religious affiliation has taken place since 1998, if the numbers are extrapolated then Hindus would account for around 3 to 3.5 million people today. According to the last census held in 1998, 93% of Hindus live inSindh, 5% in Punjab and nearly 2% in Balochistan.

Christianity make up 1.6% of Pakistan's population, about 2.8 million people out of a total population.The majority...
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