Ian Randle Publisher R nLntou • ,Minrni
First published in Jamaica, 2009 by an Randle Publishers
II Cunningham Avenue tons 686
Kingston 6 w W v.. unrandlcpublishers.con 9 2009, Nasser Musrapha Revised in 2009 National Library afJamaica Cataloguing- in-Publication Data M ustapha, Nasser Sociology for Caribbean Students
P ISBN 9 78-976637-355-9 (phk) To my w fe Nazisha and my children Nasha and Adiy for their understanding and support during this exercise
I. Social sciences - Textbooks 2. Sociology - Textbooks I. Tide 301 dc22
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At the end of this chapter, students should be able to: 1. explain the problems involved in defining and measuring poverty; 2. examine the different theoretical perspectives on poverty; 3. discuss the vulnerability of various categories of the poor in Caribbean societies; and 4. assess the contribution of Sociology to the analysis of poverty.
(i) Problems in defining poverty: (a) absolute or subsistence poverty; relative poverty; subjective poverty. (ii) Problems of measuring poverty: the use of the Poverty Line Model.
(iii) Theoretical perspectives on the causes and persistence of poverty: (a) `culture of poverty'; (h) Marxist perspectives; (c) conservative approach.
(iv) Categories of poor: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) people with special needs; the elderly, women, children and youth; the unemployed; single-parent families; indigenous people.
(v) Contribution of sociology to the analysis of poverty: (a) Social aspects; (b) Poverty alleviation policies (`needs'- and 'rights'-based perspectives); (c) Poverty...