Sociology first chapter summary

Topics: Sociology, Max Weber, Émile Durkheim Pages: 0 (995 words) Published: September 12, 2014
Sociology Quizz 1.

SOCIOLOGY:
Sociology is [the systematic study] of [human society and social interaction].
How [behavior is shaped by group life].
How [group life is affected by individuals].

WRIGHT MILLS - SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION:
The ability to see the relationship between [immediate social setting] and [public issues].

EMILE DURKHEIM - SUICIDE:
[High levels of social integration = low level of suicides].
Example: marriage, church, clubs.
[Low levels of social integration = egoistic].
Example: too much time to think about oneself.
[Low level of social order = anomic].
Example: during the War, people felt alienated and purposeless. [High levels of social integration = altruistic].
Example: the mother that will jump in front of a bus to save her daughter. [High levels of social order = fatalistic].
Example: too much social order in prison, people tend to want to die. EMILE DURKHEIM - SOCIAL FACTS:
Believed the limits of human potential are socially based.
Social facts are patterned ways of acting, thinking and feeling that exist outside any one individual, but exert social control over each person. Example: Solidarity, what draws people together.

AUGUST COMTE - TWO DIMENSIONS OF POSITIVISM:
Positivism: a belief [the world can best be understand through scientific inquiry].
Methodological: The application of scientific knowledge.
Social and Political: Spreading this knowledge, educating the population.

HARRIET MARTINEAU - TRANSLATED COMTE:
Believed society would improve when:
Women and men were treated equally.
Enlightened reform occurred (emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition). Cooperation existed among all social classes.

HERBERT SPENCER - SOCIAL DARWINISM:
The belief that the human beings best adapted to their environment survive and prosper, whereas those poorly adapted die out. Example: If we just let the strong survive, we would be a specie of "winners".

KARL MARX -...
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