Subject : Sociology
Submitted on : 14/3/2014
Submitted to : Sir Yaseer Ahmed
Q1) Is family in decline?
Ans:- The consensus approach of functionalist writers tends to see the family as working like the part of human body, In society, family is a vital organ like heart in human's body. Fucntionalist sociologist state that the function of the family is to socialize children, which in turn benefits both children and society and it keeps the society stable. In 1949, Murdock carried out a study involving 250 families. From his analysis he argued that family performs four basic funtions that are applicable to all societies Sexual, reproduction, economic and educational which is essential for passing on culture from one generation to another. Parsons argues that family perfons two basic functions which are common to all societies. -Parson argues that no other social institution can provide warmth, security and mutual support neccesary for the successful primary socialisation of individuals. -Stabilization of adult personalities that is the emphasis on martial relationship and the emotional security the couples provide for each other. this balances the stress and strains of every day life. Marxist sociologists argue that capitalism uses the family to oppresses women, and the harmful consequences of the family to women’s lives. Capitalism benefits from a large army of women, an unpaid workforce, who are compliant and willing to do as they’re told because women have been socialised to act this way. A famous Marxist sociologist Benston said: “The large amount of unpaid labour performed by women is very large and very profitable to those who own the means of production.” For Marxist feminists the family is also a site of social class reproduction. The family reproduces the attitudes, ideals and expectations essential for the reproduction of ruling-class values as identified. Marxist feminist Fran Ansley who grabs hold of Parsons’ view of the family as functioning to...
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