Prof. Ma Corazon T. Unas Institute of Religion
• Man tends to ask the why’s of things as he grows older… why do we study? why is it difficult to be good? why do we need to listen to others? Many will give answers… but all of them boils down to one source and goal… all are directly or indirectly related to the HUMAN PERSONthe center of all. But MAN is a paradox- hard to understand, each individual is a complex being with different traits, yet whole. The need to study man is basic.
• There are characteristics which all human persons possess and exhibit: • I. Relation to oneself a. embodied spirit- body and soul- of all God’s created beings, we are the only one who have the spiritual power to reason and freely act according to our own will. Human persons are both limited at the same time transcendent. We have the capacity to go beyond any particular limitation.
• b. unique- being self-transcending, we are unique, original. We keep changing by constant questioning and choosing freely for ourselves. • c. oriented to goodness- it is our natural tendency to seek the good. We avoid anything which will harm us and pursue things we perceive us good. Our natural gifts- intellect and will are to be used in order for us to relate to others, to be fulfilled in life and to come to full life with others.
• d. ambivalence- although we are born with dignity and gifts to do good, we are inclined also to do evil. Accdg to St Paul, this is due to the disorder of our own appetite which leads us to sin. We have to look for guidance, and sound education to know the real truth. • e. conscience- the voice of God in us, “telling us do good and avoid evil”
• II. Relation to others “No man is an island”. Every person is oriented to other people. Facts: Our parents were responsible for our being here. Our natural faculties to communicate with others. The fear of being alone. We are like gems that shine more in the company of others.
• Relation to society- we are created to live in a society, to relate with social groups, structures and institutions which are built by the interactions and relationships of human persons. • Society- is a group of persons united for the promotion of a common goal thru common means under a common authority. • 4 essential elements of a society 1. members 2. common purpose 3. thru organized/ united effort 4. authority that governs it, and coordinates all its activities
• Relation of the individual with the society Society is a product of human decisions and activities. All human activities combined make up a system or CULTURE in a society. We are all partly a product of one society. As we affect society, society affects us too. IV. Relation to material things Our environment makes it possible for us to have a material relationship. a. work- where we show our capacities- natural faculties, talents, energy, drives, and desires. Thru work, we exercise our power to make use of the riches of the world and avail of its fruits.
b. stewardship- the human obligation to exercise responsibility over the riches of the earth so that they will used and developed for the benefit of all. • Relation with God Man as he seeks for truth and happiness will eventually find out that he did not create himself- GOD did. Doctrine: 1. man is the highest of God’s creatures. 2. man was created in the image and likeness of God. 3. man is special because of his inviolable dignity 4. this dignity is rooted from man’s origin, meaning and destiny.
• The Social Mission of the Church Christianity teaches a life of brotherhood and love for the poor. The commitment of the Church to social issues started during the time of Pope Leo XIII and reached its high during Vatican 2. The approach is no longer that of individualistic but a communitarian morality and is now in continuous dialogue with those involved in the development of modern society.
• The Mission of the Church Today The...