Social Studies 10: Geography Review Package

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Social Studies 10: Geography Review Package

I. Geography of Canada

The ten provinces are Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan. The three territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon. The capital cities are Edmonton, Victoria, Winnipeg, Fredericton, St. John’s, Halifax, Toronto, Charlottetown, Quebec City, Regina, Yellowknife, Iqaluit, and Whitehorse.

The bodies of waters are Lake Erie, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Lake Ontario, Lake Superior, the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean.

II. Five Themes of Geography

The five themes of geography are location, place (physical and cultural landscapes), regions, movement (people, ideas and objects), and human/environmental interaction.

Knowing the location of people or places is the first step in studying geography. Absolute locations are precise in showing the location on the globe. Knowing the significance of that location gives information about the city, its history and development, and the people who live there.

Place is the physical and cultural landscapes. Physical characteristics of land affect the people that live there; things such as mountains and waters. Cultural landscape is the visible result of human activities. Humans interact with the environment and change it a lot. Examples could be roads and deforestation.

Areas are organized into different regions. Regions are classified by an area having common characteristics that make them one whole piece. Characteristics such as government, landforms, or climate influence what is considered a region.

Movement is how people interact. The use of technology and new ideas has encouraged the growth of globalization. This allows movement and changes to happen throughout the world. These movement and changes would differ due to the people and the environment it happens and applies to.

Human and environmental interaction is the changes in the natural landscape. Humans dramatically change the environment to adapt and suit their own needs. Geographers looks at what the outcome of those changes are and how they affect the things around them.

Geographers explore how people interact with the world around them. It involves climate, geology, economics, biology, history and more. All of these can be found in the five themes.

III. Physical Regions

The six physical regions of Canada are the Appalachian Region, the Canadian Shield Region, the Arctic Region, the St. Lawrence Lowlands, the Interior Plains, and the Cordillera.

Every one of those six regions have relations to the five themes. These themes can explain the location, the landscape, the region, the movement, and the interaction of the humans and environments.

Images provide great visuals about the physical environment. The actual appearance and visual of the physical characteristics can be shown; this provides more insight towards what the physical environment is like. The limitations are that you can only use vision of the many senses. It cannot be smelt, felt, heard, nor tasted.

IV. Climate

Canada is a broad country, spreading all the way from the West Coast by the Pacific Ocean to the East by the Atlantic Ocean; covering four different time zones and multiple major cities. This results in a vast amount of different areas which all have different climate.

Different climate shapes human activity by their reactions. An example would be if the climate is too cold, humans would wear a jacket. If there’s a snowstorm, traffic would be horrid. These different climates result in different responses from humans.

Human behavior would struggle due to climate change. Areas or regions where people live have a set climate. If that climate were to suddenly change, humans would need to re-adapt to the climate. This could be hardship on many people as they might be only used to one type of climate...
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