Wednesday, August 29, 2012 3:54 PM
Social Psychology: The art of people-watching in a scientific manner. Theory: a broad explanation for a wide set of phenomena, strongly supported Concise: coherent, systematic, predictive, widely accepted. Strongly supported by many lines of evidence. Must be testable and falsifiable Generated more exploration Applicable to life Hypotheses: the edited Theory. What constitutes a good theory? Have your theory; generated your hypothesis; now what? Laboratory approach Field approach
Controlled environment Natural environment Remember: correlational research does not specify cause and effect Experimental Research: manipulating variables to test hypothesis Everyday processes simulated in a laboratory when feasible and Ethical More control over variables and can manipulates individual ones to better test hypothesis -Independent Variable -Dependent Variables
Correlation ≠ Causation
NEVER MAKE ASSUMPTIONS
Random Assignment: Everyone involved in an experiment has an equal chance to be assigned to any group. Ethics in Experiments: Sometimes it is a grey area between harmless and risky Limits of Research: Experiments results may not carry over exactly into real life (cannot control for everything in a lab) guideline as to what you could expect - Also need to keep in mind wad the population sampled represented of the general population
- Content □ Attitudes and beliefs that very from culture to culture - Process □ How the experiment may effects behavior
Module 1 Page 1
Module 2: Did You Know it All Along?
Wednesday, August 29, 2012 4:47 PM
Common Sense: Seems obvious after you know the facts
Hindsight bias: the event doesn't seem surprising after it happens. people are likely to find an explanation of results after they are told the facts. Pitfalls of I-knew-it-all-along: - Arrogance - More likely to criticize for bad choices than to praise for good choices. Consider: Life is about choices and sometimes what seems the best choice in the moment is not the best one when viewed later on. Aka relationships…...
Module 2 Page 2
Module 3: Self-Concept - Who Am I?
Wednesday, August 29, 2012 5:00 PM
Activity: I am _____________(write 5 answers) Strong Cute Pansexual Curly haired A feminist Dramatic Schemas- mental templates by which we organize our world Self-schemas - specific ways be which we define ourselves Have a strong effect on how we perceive, remember, and evaluate other people and ourselves.
Self reference effect- information that is relevant to who we are. - Processed quickly - Remembered more easily - The self is the center to our world - You think people notice you more (Imaginary Audience) - Over estimating how much other people behavior is directed toward us. Spotlight effect- over estimation of your conspicuousness - Assuming everyone can see when you have food in your teeth Illusion of transparency - other people can see all of your faults just like you see them - The more self conscious someone is the higher illusion of transparency - Teenagers/preteens. Ways of looking at the world:
Individualism: Giving priority to one’s own goals over group goals and defining one’s identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identification Collectivism: Giving priority to the goals of one’s groups (often one’s extended family or work group) and defining one’s identity Independent self—move elsewhere and still view self as basically the same person - self-esteem is more personal and less relational - threat to self means more anger and depression (viewed as more personal attack)
Interdependent self—lose social connections that help define self - conversation less direct and more polite - goal of social life is to harmonize and support one’s communities - self-esteem is malleable (context-specific) Conflict: Collectivist Individualist between groups between individual
Human, know thyself: