Skills of Social Work-Fact Finding

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Introduction
Facts are pieces of information about the particular problems which exist in the community that can be independently verified by generally accepted research methods as reliable and a sound bases for decision making and dispute resolution. Facts may involve technical questions such as:  the number of people living in a particular area, number of acres of land under irrigation, the cost of constructing and supplying a refugee camp, risks associated with a chemical plant, or the amount of money that a company can afford to pay its employees and still remain competitive. There are also factual questions involving the law, such as: What exactly are the procedures for removing an elected official from office? Who owns a particular piece of land? What are the legal rights that citizens have when accused of a crime? Moreover, whenever we do fact finding as student social workers, we need to look into; 1. Demography "How many people live in this area?” is clearly a major factor in determining the demand for the particular problem. Other questions concern the density (how many people per square kilometer?) and the age and sex distribution. How many elderly or sick people who may be handicapped in getting this problem? What are the rates for births and deaths (if known) and how do these compare to national figures? What are the rates and patterns of migration (is it seasonal or permanent? are the people moving in from other areas?). These comparisons are important, as we need to know how "typical" any particular area is. 2. Environment “What is the physical area that we are dealing with? Is this clearly marked or should-it be arbitrarily defined? What resources (especially land, soils, and vegetation) are available? What is known about climate, water, slopes, drainage? 3. Historical “There are two good reasons for knowing at least the general outline of local history recognizing the significance of important places and major persons. First, the present can only be understood in relation to the past and second, local people regard their history as important, so it is both expedient and courteous to know something about significant events. 4. Community” We are studying a community of people, the most important part of which is the relatively stable set of relationships between the people - relationships between men and women, old and young, neighbours, kinsmen, in-laws, landlords and tenants, rich and poor, and so on. 5. Domestic “It should be possible to make a rough typology of "households", a term which although sometimes vague, is better than "family" or "farm". Household may usually be defined as a group of people that shares a common kitchen (or cooking place) and that recognizes one household head. The purpose of this is to establish the range and extent of inequality and variation on a particular problem. 6. Social and Economic “This category seeks further information on differentiation - how is access to land defined and who controls/owns the land? How many are landless or near landless, how many rent land? 7. Political-Administrative “What are the formal and informal channels of authority? What are the links to the regional (and national) centers of power? What is the extent of-local participation in making decisions? What laws, regulations, and local informal, sanctions affect on the exits problems in the community.” On the other hand, it needs to look into some techniques adopted for fact finding. Which are as documentation, formal hearing, action research, demonstration projects, keeping abreast, need assessment, and programme identification on fact finding to find and know the root causes of the problems in the community. Fact finding techniques

1. Documentation
Documentation is very important in order to keep the data of any particular problems of the community with exact facts of the problems, time, and year. Documentation can be done by note on paper, video record, and...
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