Single Parenthood: Literature Review

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Single Parenthood: Literature Review2
This paper will look at the different research that has already been conducted on single parenthood. Possible research topics could be how single-parent families differ in their structure or financially, in contrast to households with two parents. Articles may also discuss the impact of single parent households on children, in terms of psychological impact, academic results, social and financial standings using statistics found in their research. By looking at articles done through American and Canadian research, it can be determined what research is missing, what the articles lack and possible suggestions to improve the substance of the materials listed. Economic Viewpoint

In each article , different points were made about the financial hardships that children from single-parent households may experience and how it was much more likely they would experience them in comparison to children raised in a household with two parents. Lisa Calderwood, from London University’s Institute of Education, says, “Living apart from natural fathers can be associated with poverty and negative outcomes for children.”(Calderwood, 2010). Though not all single-parents are mothers, but Tim Casey, a senior staff attorney at Legal Momentum,( the U.S.’ oldest organization advocating on behalf of the legal rights of women and girls.)“Employment isn’t keeping U.S. single parents — more than 80 percent of whom are single mothers — out of poverty.” (Casey, 2012). Here it states that not only are the majority of single parents single mothers, but that the income provided to these mothers is generally still not enough to keep them above the poverty line even though, “single mothers in the U.S. are employed more hours and yet have much higher poverty rates than their peers in other high-income countries.”(Casey, 2012).

Single Parenthood: Literature Review 3
Paul Amato, a Professor of Sociology and Demography at The Pennsylvania State University, makes a good point saying due to lack of funds, “It is difficult for poor single parents to afford the books, home computers, and private lessons that make it easier for their children to succeed in school.”(Amato, 2005). This is a direct linkage with the academic success of children from single-parent families, which will be discussed later in the essay. Amato makes several good points, also saying, “they cannot afford clothes, shoes, cell phones, and other consumer goods that give their children status among their peers.” (2005) Again this is in direct correlation with self-esteem issues that are more common in children raised by single parents. “Consistent with these observations, many studies have shown that economic resources explain some of the differences in well-being between children with single parents and those with continuously married parents.”(Amato, 2005). Amato makes the observation that many differences between children raised in single-parent households versus children raised with both parents can be explained by the financial difference brought on by a single income. An article stating that “Children raised by single mothers are twice as likely to misbehave as those born into traditional two-parent families” , (Paton, 2010), also says that “studies have found children raised by lone mothers are likely to have less economic security”(Calderwood, 2010)which the article implies influences the behaviour of the child raised in said type of household here: “parental qualifications and household income had a major effect on children’s behaviour at a young age, which could have “damaging long-term consequences.” After looking at the findings from the different sources, it can be said that it is a fact that single-parent households are worse off financially than households with both parents. This is not only for the parents taking care of their children, but for the academic and social development of the children as stated by Amato (2005)....
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