Sheet of Philosophy PI121
Walter J. Ong Peter Ramus (15151572) Anthony Giddesn → Idea of Timespace Compression Philosopher Origin
1. Wilhelm Von Humboldt (GER): describes the development of liberalism and the role of liberty in individual development and in the pursuit of excellence. Humboldt insisted on a minimal state dedicated strictly to the preservation of security. 2. Robert K. Merton: developed notable concepts such as unintended consequences, reference group and role strain. A central element of modern sociological, political and economic theory, the "selffulfilling prophecy" is a process whereby a belief or an expectation, correct or incorrect, affects the outcome of a situation or the way a person or a group will behave. Merton's theory of social groups. Merton emphasized that, rather than a person assuming one role and one status, they have a status set in the social structure which has attached to it a whole set of expected behaviors. Necessity for social science to establish a general foundation, Merton preferred more limited. Distinguish American Socialist. 3. Thomas S. Kuhn: wrote extensively on the history of science and developed several important notions in the sociology and philosophy of science. concerning the progress of knowledge: that science undergoes periodic "paradigm shifts" instead of progressing in a linear and continuous way; that these paradigm shifts open up new approaches to understanding that scientists would never have considered valid before; and that scientists can never divorce their subjective perspective from their work. 4. Aristotle: was a Greek philosopher. Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle's writings were the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics. 5. Plato: was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, student of Socrates, writer of philosophical...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document