In the statement "poverty causes crime," the words "poverty" and "crime" are best described as ________ because they are subject to change. variables
Mechanical solidarity is to Gemeinschaft as ________ solidarity is to Gesellschaft. organic
The notion that the mass media represents the varied interests of many groups would reflect a position consistent with ________ theory. functionalist
Matthew is completing his master's thesis which addresses the culture of outlaw motorcycle gangs. For the past six months he has been riding with such a gang, observing and describing their behavior in an attempt to present a view of these gangs from the gang members' perspective. Matthew is employing which research method?
How does the structure and function of groups change as they grow in size? Groups tend to develop a more formal social structure
For many college professors, their teachers served as role models. Kody Scott looked up to older gang bangers as his idols. In both cases, professors and headbangers respectively most qualify as being refernece groups
What is a statement of how variables are expected to be related to one another, often according to predictions from a theory? hypothesis
What are the three primary variables in determining one's social class? income, education, occupational prestige
Which of the following groups is least qualified as a social institution? neighborhood street gangs
John developed a questionnaire to measure job satisfaction among industrial workers. He has administered his questionnaire to ten different workers' groups at the same plant and on the same shift but notes the results are inconsistent. John's concern reflects the issue of ________. the reliability of his measure
The difference between status and role is that:
we occupy a status which is a social position but play a role which is a social expectation
A group characterized by intimate, long-term, face-to-face association and cooperation is referred to as a ________. primary group
Juanita is conducting survey research for the Colgate-Palmolive Company . The company recently sent several cases of personal sized toothpaste to Dr. Yankum as a part of a promotion. Juanita is surveying patients as they leave Dr. Yankum's office to ask if the dentist gave them any hygiene items to continue quality dental care. Juanita has discovered that practically every patient received Colgate and has concluded in her report to the company that dentists prefer Colgate toothpaste over all other brands. What flaw exists in Juanita's research? She is using a biased sample to collect her data
There is a high correlation between the number of Americans who pay income tax in the month of April and the number of swim suits sold. Which of the following statements is the best description of this relationship? it is a spurious relationship
What is the key feature of post-industrial societies as it relates to the work force? The transmission and use of information services dominated the work force.
Max has developed the hypothesis that the stress felt by unemployed men increases the probability of spousal abuse. Stress would be considered the ________ variable and spousal abuse would be considered the ________ variable. independent, dependent
As societies grow larger, they divide work among members based on some standardized characteristic such as age or sex. This is referred to as ________. the division of labor
With the domestication of plants and animals, a number of significant social changes occurred. Which of the following was not one of these? societies became more egalitarian
Who conducted the classic experiment addressing the power of peer pressure that included six "stooges" and one actual test subject viewing cards with lines of varying length? Solomon Asch
Sociologically, what term best applies to a group of people who share no...