True / False Questions
1. Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an example of auscultation. True
2. We can see through bones with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). True
3. Histology is the study of structures that can be observed without a magnifying lens. True
4. Cells were first named by microscopist Robert Hooke. True
5. All functions of the body can be interpreted as the effects of cellular activity. True
6. The hypothetico-deductive method is common in physiology, whereas the inductive method is common in anatomy. True
7. An individual scientific fact has more information than a theory. True
8. Evolutionary (darwinian) medicine traces some of our diseases to our evolutionary past. True
9. The terms development and evolution have the same meaning in physiology. True
10. Organs are made of tissues. True
11. A molecule of water is more complex than a mitochondrion (organelle). True
12. Homeostasis and occupying space are both unique characteristics of living things. True
13. Positive feedback helps to restore normal function when one of the body's physiological variables gets out of balance. True
14. Negative feedback is a self-amplifying chain of events that tend to produce rapid change in the body. True
15. Anatomists over the world adhere to a lexicon of standard international terms, which stipulates both Latin names and accepted English equivalents. True
Multiple Choice Questions
16. Feeling structures with your fingertips is called _________, whereas tapping on the body and listening for sounds of abnormalities is called ____________
A. palpation; auscultation. B. auscultation; percussion. C. percussion; auscultation. D. palpation; percussion. E. percussion; palpation.
17. ___________________ was the first to publish accurate drawings of the body, and is thus regarded as "the father of modern anatomy."
A. Vesalius B. Maimonides C. Harvey D. Aristotle E. van Leeuwenhoek
18. ________________ wrote the most influential medical textbook of the ancient era.
A. Hippocrates B. Aristotle C. Galen D. Vesalius E. Avicenna
19. Which of these is the best imaging technique for routinely examining the anatomical development of a fetus?
A. auscultation B. PET scan C. MRI D. sonography E. radiography
20. The terms physics, physiology, and physician come from a term that ___ proposed to distinguish natural causes from supernatural causes.
A. Hippocrates B. Plato C. Schwann D. Aristotle E. Avicenna
21. The process of using numerous observations to develop general principles and predictions about a specific subject is called
A. experimental design. B. deductive method. C. inductive method. D. hypothesis. E. statistical testing.
22. Most people think that ulcers are caused by psychological stress. It was discovered that an acidresistant bacterium, Heliobacter pylori, lives in the lining of the stomach. If these bacteria cause ulcers, then treatment with an antibiotic should reduce ulcers. This line of investigation is an example of
A. hypothetical reasoning. B. hypothetico-deductive reasoning. C. the inductive method. D. experimental design. E. statistical analysis.
23. An educated speculation or a possible answer to a question is called a(n)
A. scientific method. B. theory. C. law. D. hypothesis. E. fact.
24. The use of controls and statistical testing are two aspects of experimental design that help to ensure
A. an adequate sample size. B. objective and reliable results. C. experimental bias. D. psychosomatic effects. E. treatment groups. ...