Safeguarding the Welfare O Children & Young People

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  • Topic: Common cold, HIV, Infectious mononucleosis
  • Pages : 5 (1050 words )
  • Download(s) : 54
  • Published : January 14, 2013
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COMMON COLD INCUBATION PERIOD: 1-3 days

The signs and symptoms of common cold are:
Severe headache, Runny nose, Sore throat, mild temperature, Persistent crying & cough, Vomiting or abdominal pain.

The treatment that a child can undergo to cure this illnesses: Treat the symptoms with antibiotics that were prescribing from the GP, Encourage the child to have an enough rest, encourage the child to drink plenty of water, Let the child to blow their nose all the time.

SCARLET FEVER INCUBATION PERIOD: 2- 4 days

The signs and symptoms of scarlet fever are:
Headache, Swollen neck glands, Loss of appetite, Nausea or vomiting, Stomach pain, Broken blood vessels in the folds of the body, such as the armpit, which cause red streaks that may last a couple of days after the rash has gone (these are known as pastia lines), A general feeling of being unwell.

The treatments for these symptoms are:
Have a lot of rest, Always drink a lot of water, Using calamine lotion to relieve itching of the rashes, Taking paracetamol to relieve aches and pains and bring down a high temperature, Taking a 10 – day course of antibiotics, Keeping the children comfortable and making sure the room is cool.

DYSENTERY
INCUBATION PERIOD: 1-7 DAYS

The signs and symptoms of Dysentery are:
Bacillary Dysentery & Amoebic Dysentery:
Watery diarrhea that contains blood or mucus, nausea and vomiting, severe abdominal pain, stomach cramps, a high temperature (fever) of 38c (100.4F) or over, fever and chills, bleeding from their rectum (back passage), loss of appetite and weight.

The treatment of these symptoms is:
Children will needed medication attention, they need a lot of rest, drinking a lot of water but if the child vomits let them sip at least little bit of water, they should have a light meal of food (avoid spicy, fatty and heavy food), and strict hygiene e.g. careful hand washing.

MEASLES
INCUBATION PERIOD: 7-15 DAYS

The signs and symptoms of Measles are:
Cold – like symptoms (runny nose, watery eyes, swollen eyelids and sneezing, red eyes, sensitivity to light and a mild severe temperature (which may peak at over 40.6C 0r 105F for several days, when the rash appears the fever will go up again. Tiny greyish- white spots (called koplik’s spots) in the mouth and throat, tiredness irritability and lack of energy, aches and pains, poor appetite. Dry cough and red- brown spotty

rashes.

The treatments of these symptoms are:
Use liquid baby paracetamol or ibuprofen to relieve their fever, aches and pains, closing curtains or dimming lights can help reduce light sensitivity. Use one piece of cotton wool per wipe for each eye. Gently clean the eye from inner to outer lid. Cough medicines are of little help and should not be given to children under the age of six, placing a bowl of water in the room will make the atmosphere. More humidity, can help to relieve a cough and children should drink regularly to prevent dehydration.

MUMPS
INCUBATION PERIOD: 14-21 DAYS

The signs and symptoms of mumps are:
Headache, joint pain, feeling sick, dry mouth, mild abdominal pain, feeling tired, loss appetite and a high temperature of 38C (100.4f) or above.

The treatments of these symptoms are:
Get plenty of bed rest until your symptoms have passed.
Over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers such as ibuprofen or paracetamol that can relieve pain (children aged 16 or under should not be given aspirin). Drink plenty of fluids, but avoid acidic drinks such as fruit juice as these can irritate the parotid glands. Water is usually the best fluid to drink. Applying a cold compress to your swollen glands should help to reduce the pain. Eat foods that do not require a lot of chewing (soup, mashed potatoes and scrambled eggs).

TONSILITIS
INCUBATION...
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