Rizal’s Early Life and Education
A HERO WAS BORN The Birth of a Hero. Jose Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (“Jose” in honor of Saint Joseph) - June 19, 1861 (Wednesday) Calamba, Laguna “The delivery was exceedingly difficult, and the mother almost died. Her seemingly miraculous survival was attributed to Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage (Antipolo, Rizal).” Baptism – June 22, 1861 by Rev. Rufino Collantes and Rizal’s godfather was Rev. Pedro Casañas Parents. Rizal’s father, Francisco Mercado was born in Biñan, Laguna on May 11, 1818. He was an educated farmer having studied Latin and Philosophy at the College of San Jose in Manila. He married Teodora Alonzo Realonda on June 28, 1848. Teodora was born in Manila on November 8, 1826. A graduate of Santa Rosa College, she was talented woman with high culture, business ability and literary gift. The Rizal Children. 1. Saturnina - married to Manuel T. Hidalgo 2. Paciano - married to a common-law wife 3. Narcisa - married to Antonino Lopez 4. Olympia - married to Silvestre Ubaldo 5. Lucia - married to Mariano Herbosa 6. Maria – married to Daniel Faustino 7. JOSE - married to Josephine Bracken 8. Concepcion - died at the age of 3 9. Josefa - did not marry 10. Trinidad - did not marry 11. Soledad - married to Pantaleon Quintero Ancestry of Rizal. “In his veins flowed the bloods of both East and West – Negrito, Indonesian, Malay, Chinese, Japanese and Spanish." Father side: Domingo Lam-co – Jose’s great-great-grandfather, a native of Chichew or China’s City of Spring Mother side: Lakan-Dula – ancestor, last Malayan king of Tondo Eugenio Ursua – Jose’s great-great-grandfather (Japanese) Manuel de Quintos – Doña Teodora’s maternal grandfather, a prominent Manila lawyer Cipriano Alonso – Jose’s great grandfather Both his father’s father and grandfather had been Capitanes (town mayors) of Biñan Lorenzo Alberto Alonso – Jose’s grandfather, an engineer awarded by Spain as “Knight of the Grand Order of Isabela the Catholic” The Name Rizal. Mercado – original family name adopted by Domingo Lam-co in 1731 which means market Governor Narciso Claveria – in 1849, he ordered the Filipino families to choose surnames from a list of Spanish family names. Since Jose’s father did not like the surnames from the list such as Cruz, Santos, Ramos, and Rivera, he chose his own surname Rizal, from Spanish word racial meaning “green field” or “new pasture” The Rizal Family. - One of the richest families. They raised rice, corn and sugar; operated a sugar mill, flour mill and a homemade ham press; engaged in dye and sugar business and in the barter trade.
Handout prepared by Group 1|B-4R PI10: Life and Works of Jose Rizal
Rizal’s Early Life and Education
CHILDHOOD YEARS IN CALAMBA Calamba During Rizal’s time, Calamba was a hacienda town which belonged to the Dominican friars who also owned the land around it. He loved his town with all his heart and soul so that when Rizal was 15 in Ateneo de Manila, he wrote Un Recuerdo Ami Pueblo (In Memory of My Town). Age 7-8 June 6, 1868 – Jose and his father went on a pilgrimage to Antipolo to fulfill his mother’s vow made during his birth, this was his first out-oftown visit. After playing to the shrine of antipolo, they visited Saturnina who was then a boarding student at La Concordia College in Sta. Ana. He wrote his first poem in the native language, Sa Aking Mga Kababata. He also wrote a tagalong comedy, his first dramatic work which is said to have been staged during a Calamba festival. The manuscript of the play was bought by a gobernadocillo from Paete for P 2.00. when I die, people will make a monuments and images of me!”
CHILDHOOD MEMORIES Age 3-4 His father built him a little cottage for him to play in during daytime because he was sickly and frail. an aya (nurse maid) was hired to look after him and often tells imaginary tales to the Rizal children; it aroused Rizal’s interest in...
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