* A RHETORICAL ANALYSIS REFERS TO THE PROCESS OF ANALYZING A TEXT, GIVEN SOURCE OR ARTIFACT. * No judgment- only analysis
* Explores content, purpose, background (of author), structure, and the topic of a text * RHETORIC IS THE ABILITY TO EFFECTIVELY COMMUNICATE AN INTENDED MESSAGE * via argumentation, persuasion, or another form of communication. * Critical Reading- ask questions while you read (SOAPStoned) * What is the subject?
* What is the thesis? (point)
* Who is the intended audience?
* What is the tone of the text?
* What is the writer’s purpose?
* What methods does the writer use to develop his/her ideas? * In what way does the writer use diction?
* What does the write use to convey his/her point?
* Basic Rhetorical Strategies for Effective Communication STRATEGY| DEFINITION| QUESTIONS FOR CRITICAL THINKING|
EXEMPLIFICATION| Provide examples or cases in point| Are there examples -- facts, statistics, cases in point, personal experiences, interview quotations -- added to the essay?| DESCRIPTION| Detail sensory perceptions of a person, place, or thing| Does a person, place, or object play a prominent role in the essay?| NARRATION| Recount an event| Are there any anecdotes, experiences, or stories in the essay? Process analysis: Explain how to do something or how something happens. Does any portion of the essay include concrete directions about a certain process?| COMPARISON AND CONTRAST| Discuss similarities and differences| Does the essay contain two or more related subjects? Does it evaluate or analyze two or more people, places, processes, events, or things? Are there any similarities and/or differences between two or more elements?| DIVISION AND CLASSIFICATION| Divide a whole into parts or sort related items into categories| Does the essay reduce the subject to more manageable parts or group parts?| DEFINITION| Provide the meaning of terms you use| Is there any important word in the essay with many meanings and is defined or clarified?| CAUSE AND EFFECT ANALYSIS| Analyze why something happens and describe the consequences of a string of events| Does the essay examine past events or their outcome? Does it explain why something happened?| REPETITION| The constant use of certain words| Why, with all words at her disposal, does the writer choose to repeat particular words?| COUNTERPOINTS| Contrasting ideas such as black/white, darkness/light, good/bad| Does the writer acknowledge and respond to counterpoints to her position?| IMAGERY| Language that evokes one or all of the five senses: sight, sound, touch, taste, smell| Does the essay use any provocative language that calls upon readers’ senses?| METAPHOR AND SIMILE| A figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared, often in a phrase introduced by “like” or “as”| Does the essay make connections between things to make a point or elicit an idea?| STYLE, TONE, AND VOICE| The attitude a writer takes towards a subject or character: serious, humorous, sarcastic, ironic, satirical, tongue-in-cheek, solemn, objective| What tone does the essay have? How does the writer portray herself? What choices does she make that influence her position?| ANALOGY| The comparison of two pairs that have the same relationship| Are there any comparisons made by the writer to strengthen her message| FLASHBACK| The comparison of two pairs that have the same relationship| Are there any comparisons made by the writer to strengthen her message?| HYPERBOLE| Exaggeration or overstatement| Does the writer make any claims that seem extreme?| PERSONIFICATION| Giving human qualities to animals or objects| Is something without conscience thinking or talking?| IRONY| An expression or utterance marked by deliberate contrast between apparent and intended meaning, often humorous| Does the writer really...