1. A portion of specific DNA molecule consists of the following sequence of nucleotide triplets.
TAC GAA CTT GGG TCC
This DNA sequence codes for the following short polypeptide. methionine - leucine - glutamic acid - proline - arginine
Describe the steps in the synthesis of this polypeptide.
What would be the effect of a deletion or an addition in one of the DNA nucleotides?
What would be the effects of a substitution in one of the nucleotides?
2. Describe the operon hypothesis and discuss how it explains the control of messenger RNA production and the regulation of protein synthesis in bacterial cells.
3. Scientists seeking to determine which molecule is responsible for the transmission of characteristics from one generation to the next knew that the molecule must (1) copy itself precisely, (2) be stable but able to be changed, and (3) be complex enough to determine the organism’s phenotype.
a. Explain how DNA meets each of the three criteria stated above. b. Select one of the criteria stated above and describe experimental evidence used to determine that DNA is the hereditary material.
4. Describe the biochemical composition, structure, and replication of DNA. Discuss how recombinant DNA techniques may be used to correct a point mutation.
5. Describe the production and processing of a protein that will be exported from a eukaryotic cell. Begin with the separation of the messenger RNA from the DNA template and end with the release of the protein at the plasma membrane.
6. Describe the steps of protein synthesis, beginning with the attachment of a messenger RNA molecule to the small subunit of a ribosome and ending generalized with the release of the polypeptide from the ribosome. Include in your answer a discussion of how the different types of RNA function in this process.
7. By using the techniques of genetic engineering, scientists...