Res Gestae (Augustus Caesar)

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RES GESTAE DIVI AUGUSTI
T H E A C H I E V E M E N T S OF THE DIVINE AUGUSTUS

with an introduction and commentary by
P. A. BRUNT

and
J. M. MOORE

O X F O R D

U N I V E R S I T Y

P R E S S

Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP London Glasgow New York Toronto Delhi Bombay Calcutta Madras Karachi Kuala Lumpur Singapore Hong Kong Tokyo Nairobi Dar es Salaam Cape Town Melbourne Auckland and associates in Beirut Berlin Ibadan Mexico City Nicosia Oxford is a trade mark of Oxford University Press ISBN 0 19 831772 7

© Oxford University Press 1967 First published 1967 Reprinted 1970, 1973, 1978, 1979, 1981,

1983

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of Oxford University Press

The cover illustration shows part of the opening passage of the Res Gestae, from the copy set up at Ankara on the site of the temple of Rome and Augustus. {Photograph: Ernest Nash, Rome).

Printed in Great Britain by J. W Arrowsmith Ltd. Bristol

PREFACE

T H I S edition of the Res Gestae is designed for use as an historical source by sixth form pupils and undergraduates who may be study­ ing either history or classics, some of whom m a y have little or no L a t i n or Greek. T h e L a t i n text is, therefore, accompanied by a translation, and all L a t i n or Greek in the notes is also translated. Some L a t i n words, which have no adequate English equivalents, have been left in the translation, but they are all explained in the notes or in the appendix on R o m a n constitutional terms. T h e L a t i n text printed is that of V. Ehrenberg and A. H . M . Jones (Documents Illustrating the Reigns of Augustus and Tiberius, Clarendon Press, 1955), with minor changes of punctuation. In order to facilitate reading we have omitted the square brackets which indicate restorations of the L a t i n 5 the sense, if not the exact words, is certain, and we feel that a forest of brackets is forbidding to the readers we have in view. W e have also not given the Greek paraphrase of the L a t i n , on which such restorations may be based, though w e have occasionally referred to it in notes 5 it is easily accessible in Ehrenberg and Jones. Those who wish to study textual problems m a y t u r n to Res Gestae Divi Augusti, edited by Jean Gage* (second edition, Paris, 1950), which gives, by variations of typeface, exact indications of the authority behind each word or letter. In the notes we have not restricted ourselves to the m i n i m u m information necessary to the understanding of what Augustus wrote, but have also tried to point out where he is tendentious, and what his purpose m a y have been in including or omitting certain information. W e have commented fairly freely on statements which are themselves evidence of the first importance for the matters to which they relate j we have not, however, described in detail events to which Augustus merely alludes and which are more fully known from other sources, but have been content to cite standard works in English (see list of abbreviations) 5 for instance, a commentary on the Res Gestae is no place for a continuous and detailed exposition of Augustus' wars. On the other hand, we found that it m a d e for clarity to give in the introduction a brief outline of his various

PREFACE constitutional experiments 5 this is not intended to replace the fuller discussion necessary in an historical textbook, but to provide back­ ground information needed for consideration of the Res Gestae. Some common constitutional terms are also explained in an appendix. W e have used extensively the edition of Gage* in preparing our commentary, and the extent of our debt to it will be clear. W e have also referred to the editions of E . G. Hardy (Monumentum Ancyranum, Oxford, 1925) and of H ....
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