Religion Study Guide

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Lauren
REL 243
Module 1-Chapter 1

Chapter One
1. EB Tylor states religion is rooted in spirit worship, and is a common aspect of most religions. This particular aspect of religion strikes a chord with me in that worship is a central element in many religion, as well as thoughts on man’s spirit and the afterlife His notion is not far off when you consider that Jesus said, “God is Spirit and those who worship him must worship him in Spirit and truth”. The fact that God is in control of everything, and that he is worthy of all our worship, his views at least acknowledge the existence of a God. Williams James saw religion from the aspect of the mind influencing the body; it was this thought process that led him into psychology. He saw religion as a positive way to influence the minds and ultimately the lives of people. This is not inconsistent with the teaching of Jesus who stated, “You must love the Lord your God with all your heart, soul and mind.” It’s clear that our minds have a direct influence upon thinking, based upon what we know and believe. It is that influence that not only changes the way one lives, but as Jesus stated brings happiness and Joy to all who love God. Rudolf Otto sees religion as emerging out of that which we cannot understand. That which is often viewed as mysterious, is basically the reality of something that cannot be explained. Jesus performed many miracles among the people, things that could not be explained, it was in these mysterious acts, that many opened their hearts to hear the gospel message Jesus was preaching. Signs and miracles were not used to bring about faith, but rather the mysterious pointed to someone spiritual and out of this world, God. 2. Five characteristics that are typically associated with “religion” are: belief system, community, ethics, sacredness, and rituals. A belief system is several beliefs put together into an interpretation of the universe. Community is a group of people that practice a specific...
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