Religion 2U notes

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STUDIES OF RELIGION
Religion and Belief Systems in Australia post-1945
Contemporary Aboriginal Spiritualties
Glossary
Dreaming
European term referring to essence of truth in Aboriginal religious belief Country/Ritual estate
Area of land which a community has particular responsibility which contains sites of significance Elders
Moral & spiritual leaders of communities who pass on knowledge Kinship system
Networks of relationships governing interactions between members of language groups Ceremonial life
Use of song, dance & symbolism to ritualise connections between totemism & ceremony Corroborree
Dance ceremony that may take the form of sacred ritual or informal gathering Balance rites
Rituals to bring about harmony in nature which aim to cause the protification of a certain animal, plant of natural phenomena connected with a particular ancestral spirit being Rituals
Religious or secular in nature – can be described as patterned series of activities capable of being repeated Sacred sites
Natural land formations where Ancestral Spirits interacted with creating Totemism
An entity – plant, animal or natural object – that has become the token or emblem of an individual or language group. The entity cannot be gathered, hunted or even painted by those who have it as their totem since it is believed to link them to the spiritual force responsible for their existence Advocacy

Actions by churches or Christian groups on behalf of minorities disregarded by those in authority Assimilation
Government policy adopted in 1951 that required all Aboriginals & part-Aboriginal people to live as members of a single Australian community Evangelise
Preaching the gospel
Missionisation
The policy of forcing Aboriginal people to reject their own religion and to accept Christianity & moving then to missions Government reserves
Reserves run by the government where Aboriginals were removed to Dispossession
The removal of Aboriginal people from their land which led to them losing their connection to their spirituality Protectorate system / protectionism
British policy enacted to “protect” the “natives”. It became a mechanism of control over Aboriginal people Segregation/Protection
Government practices & policies that set Aboriginals physically apart from white settlements The Stolen Generations
The taking of Aboriginal children from their parents by authorities and the placing of these children in institutes far removed from their families Self-determination
The most recent trend in Aboriginal administration is that Aboriginals are supposed to be able to determine & control their own businesses Terra Nullius
Latin words literally meaning “land belonging to no one.” An erroneous British concept according to which the continent of Australia was not inhabited by Indigenous peoples, and therefore was available for claim & colonisation Land Rights

The inherent rights of Aboriginals to their land, forming the basis of movement designed to ensure the preservation of Aboriginal spiritualties & culture. For those who cannot show unbroken connection to land due to dispossession Native Title

The exclusive title, rights & interests that Aboriginal people have in regard to land Native Title (MABO) judgement 1992
Judgement of the High Court of Australia, delivered on 3 June 1992, declaring that the Meriam people were entitled to the Murray Islands as owners, possessors & occupiers. The judgement recognised the existence of Aboriginal native title & destroyed the notion of “terra nullius” Native Title Act 1993

Australian federal legislation that recognises the existence of Aboriginal native title in Australian federal law & the native title rights of Aboriginal people Racial Discrimination Act 1975
Statue passed by Australian government that made it illegal to discriminate based on race Wik decision 1996
High Court determined that native title may coexist with pastoral leases & that where there is conflict between the two, pastoral...
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