Ref Guide

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A guide to referencing
with exAmpleS in the ApA & hArvArd StyleS

A Guide to referencinG Sixth edition

A Guide to RefeRencinG
with exAmpleS in the ApA & hArvArd StyleS Sixth edition university of canberra library and Academic Skills program 2010

published by:

university of canberra library and Academic Skills program university of canberra Act 2601 AuStrAliA

first published 1986 Second edition 1988 Second edition, revised 1990 third edition 1999 fourth edition 2003 fifth edition 2007 Sixth edition 2010 © university of canberra library, 2010 this publication is also available online at: http://www.canberra.edu.au/library/research-gateway/research_help/referencing-guides iSBn 9781740883153

tABLe of contents

introduction to the Sixth edition
why should i acknowledge my sources? when should i acknowledge my sources? how do i integrate my sources into my writing? how do i evaluate my sources? how do i acknowledge my sources? print resources web resources

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AmeRicAn PSycholoGicAl ASSociAtion (APA) RefeRencinG Style
Books one author – in-text reference placement one author – when fewer than 40 words are quoted one author – when 40 or more words are quoted two authors three to five authors - when reference to specific page/s required Several works by same author, same year Several authors, different years, referred to collectively in your work e-Book – online book citing a source within a source chapter in edited book Brochure – author is also publisher editor compiler, or reviser, or translator no author or editor Approximate date of publication no date of publication

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A Guide to RefeRencinG iii

A Guide to RefeRencinG iv

corporate author – when the author is also the publisher corporate author – commissioned reports Second or later edition multi-volume work JouRnAL , neWsPAPeR & neWsLetteR ARticLes Journal article with one author – separated paging (paginated by issue) Journal article with two authors – continuous paging throughout a volume Jounral article with three to five authors Article in online journal with six or seven authors Journal or magazine article with no volume or issue number Journal article retrieved from a database – with a doi (digital object identifier) Journal article retrieved from a database – without a doi Book review in a journal newspaper article – with an author newspaper article – without an author newspaper article retrieved from a database Article in an online newsletter GoveRnment PuBLicAtions Government department as author legislation Government publication – with identifying number Government report – online Government approved standards univeRsity PRovided study mAteRiAL reading bricks and e-reserve lecture / tutorial notes, etc. – online otheR souRces Blog post cd recording – music chart see figure, table, Graph, map or chart conference or seminar papers in published proceedings – print conference or seminar papers in published proceedings – online dictionary / encyclopaedia – print

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dictionary / encyclopaedia – online discussion group, list, etc. – online dvd / videorecording email facebook update figure, table, Graph, map or chart Graph see figure, table, Graph, map or chart image – online interview – on radio interview – on television map see figure, table, Graph, map or chart motion picture (movie) personal communication podcast (audio) radio program – broadcast radio program – transcript Speech Speech – online table see figure, table, Graph, map or chart television advertisement television program – broadcast television program – transcript thesis or dissertation – print thesis or dissertation – retrieved from a database thesis or dissertation – retrieved from the web video blog post web document – dated & author or sponsor given web document – author or sponsor given but not dated web source with no page numbers...
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