RAILWAY DISASTER PREVENTION SYSTEM USING GIS and GPS Varun Prakash* and Sonali kumari* Email id: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
INTRODUCTION Railway industry has a valuable role in economic development of each country . India's massive rail network is hit by an average of 300 accidents a year. Accident management in railway decision making has to consider the following two issues to avoid or mitigate the damages: (i) accident prevention and development of an alarming system to predict and alarm before the occurrence of accidents. (ii) reduction of negative effects of accidents after its occurrence through proper emergency and management services. To achieve the above-mentioned objectives, necessary steps have been taken to simulate train movement, accidents and rail accident management system. The major problems in the simulation include, (i)the lack of appropriate information, (ii)the problem of making real accident scene environment due to human and cost issues and (iii) problems in performing a comprehensive test on the system. CURRENT TRAIN ACCIDENT SENARIO IN INDIA : 150 years after it first chugged on course of a glorious ongoing journey, Indian Railways bears a rather dual distinction today. It is the second largest rail network under one management but with a record number of accidents. From a 'Puffing Dragon' to 'Electrical Giant on rail' and then a lifeline to the country, Indian Railways has come a long way but its infrastructure and the system has not. It has been killing people regularly, thanks to antiquated infrastructure, ill maintenance, and worst of all -- HUMAN ERROR, blamed for two-thirds of about an estimated 400 "consequential" rail accidents that take place in a year. Last year accounted for 460 accidents. Twenty-five of them were collisions. No wonder, the slow modernisation of Indian Railways has made foreign media often dubs it as a rolling railway museum attracting nostalgic train buffs from all over the world, says MK Mishra, former member of Indian railway board. © GIS Development
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But the Secretary Railway Board R K Singh differs. "The Accident Collision Device and Railways Vision 2050 projects besides a host of new safety provisions will soon give enough answers to the sceptics," he said. A Railway Ministry survey has found alcoholism among field staff to be a major cause of human error leading to mishaps, and suggested breathalyser tests and random checks for the staff among other measures, says CM Khosla, another ex-member of the Board. Statistics show that 76 per cent of the accidents take place because of derailments following human error, track problems or adverse weather conditions. Collisions lead to about eight per cent of the mishaps. In 1968 the Railway Board in response to the Railway Accidents Inquiry Committee set a target of 0.36 as the number of collisions per MTK. But the figure remains for the books. Railway Ministry, after all, has now woken up to the urgent need to stem the rot in the 66,800-miles long network that transports over 13 million people and tons of goods each day through over 13,000 trains across India. The Railway Budget 2002-2003 has made special provisions for safety of the passengers. It has planned Rs 17,000 crore Special Railway Safety Fund (SRSF) to replace age-old assets in next six years. Under the move, about 17,000 km of track will be renewed, over 3,000 bridges rebuilt and signal gears will be replaced at about 1000 stations. There are over 120,000 steel bridges, a lot of which are ageing and accident-prone. The ever-surging traffic makes the railways all the more vulnerable to accidents. The Railway Minister Nitish Kumar has further announced introduction of 25 new trains and 16 inter-city train services to be called as Jan Shatabdi Express. The red tape has added to problem. Railway safety recommendations are seldom implemented fully, if at all....