CHAP 1 – What is Anthropology
Which of the following is not true about Franz Boas?
He is considered the Founding Father of American Anthropology B.
He collected anthropological data on the Inuit (Eskimos)
He opened the first anthropology department in the U.S. at Columbia University. D.
He was a German-born, Jewish person until the Hitler regime E.
Based on his anthropological data, Boas determined that there was no such thing as “race” and therefore no basis for concepts of “racial inferiority”
The American Anthropological Association (or AAA) acknowledges the public service role provided by anthropology by recognition of which of the following dimensions of the field? A.
What is the most critical element of cultural traditions? A.
Their stability owing to the unchanging characteristics of human biology. B.
Their tendency to change radically every generation.
Their transmission through learning rather than through biological inheritance. D.
Their tendency to remain unchanged despite changing historical circumstances. E.
Their traceability to the cultural evolution of humans according to Social Darwinism.
What are the four main subdisciplines (four fields) of anthropology? A.
Medical anthropology, ethnography, ethnology, and cultural anthropology B.
Archaeology, biological anthropology, applied linguistics, and applied anthropology C.
Biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology, and archaeology D.
Genetic anthropology, physical anthropology, psychological anthropology, linguistic anthropology E.
Primatology, ethnology, cultural anthropology, and paleopathology
Which of the following expresses scientists’ preference for explaining biological differences among humans rather than pigeonholing humans into racial classifications? A.
All human populations fit neatly into one or other of the three ‘great races’ B.
Skin color presents a useful basis for assigning humans to racial classifications C.
Race is a social construct and is therefore a necessary tool for categorizing people of various cultures D.
Natural selection, such as that against the concentration of melanin in skin in northern regions, contributes to differences in human skin color E.
Scientists who have used four to five or so physical traits to classify races find that these traits go together neatly when defining units within a population
Why is it important to understand that human racial categories are based upon perceptions of phenotypic features and not on distinct genetic differences? A.
Because race is socially constructed, not biologically determined B.
Because racial categories are internationally standardized C.
Because race should be determined by skeletal measurements, especially cranial capacity D.
Because genealogies cannot be used in the study of human kinship E.
Because using a genetic basis for racial differences is more accurate
Which of the following is not a distinctive feature of four-field anthropology? A.
It has a holistic approach.
It has a broad cross-cultural comparison.
It is the study of human biology, culture, and language.
It is a science and a humanity.
It has an exclusive focus on contemporary cultures
What distinction does the text draw between culture and society? A.
Culture is the result of higher education, whereas society is shared by all people. B.
Culture is genetically programmed, whereas society is transmitted through social learning. C.
People attain culture through international travel but society is the social environment of their native land. D.
People share society―organized life in groups―with other animals, but culture is distinctly human. E.
Society rests more upon certain features of human biology than culture does.
Anthropology is a humanistic science most particularly...
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