Conforming to General Health, Safety and Welfare in the Workplace
1.4State why and when health and safety control equipment, identified by the principles of protection, should be used relating to types, purpose and limitations of each type, the work situation, occupational use and the general work environment, in relation to: It is better to put a soundproof enclosure around a noisy machine than to expect everyone who might be exposed to the machine's noise to wear hearing protection for example compressors.
All personnel should have full PPE regardless whether they need it or not. Limitations of PPE –it only offers minimal protection and only to the user.
LEV should be a collective measure to protect all the workforce and supply adequate oxygen, prevent build up of contaminants and maintain a comfortable environment. Limitations of LEV - Can be difficult to design and is only effective close to source
RPE should be used according to the method statement. Limitations of RPE: Filtering Face piece Respirator - Face seal cannot be fully achieved over facial hair.
Half-mask Respirator - Facial hair reduces efficiency, Breathing is not easy, Speech and vision are slightly reduced
1.5State how the health and safety control equipment relevant to the work should be used in accordance with the given instructions. Health and safety control equipment relevant to the work should be used as explained at the site induction, method statement and toolbox talks
1.6State which types of health, safety and welfare legislation, notices and warning signs are relevant to the occupational area and associated equipment. Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 is posted on the canteen wall. There are red prohibition signs – no smoking – no unauthorised entry blue mandatory signs – PPE must be worn – all visitors must report to site office yellow warning signs – danger construction work in progress green safe signs – eye wash station
1.7State why health, safety and welfare legislation, notices and warning signs are relevant to the occupational area. They tell you about your responsibilities in site. They also warn you of hazards and tell you what PPE you must wear.
1.8State how to comply with control measures that have been identified by risk assessments and safe systems of work. Wear the correct PPE and follow the safe method of work to the letter.
2.3List the current Health and Safety Executive top ten safety risks. 1Falls from Ladder
2Falls through Fragile Roof
4Struck by Plant
6Falls from Scaffold
7Falls down Internal Voids
8Asphyxiation by Fumes
9Accidents in excavations
10Trapped and crushed while operating a MEWP
2.4List the current Health and Safety Executive top five health risks. 1 Exposure to Asbestos
2 Exposure to Silica
3 Exposure to Excessive Noise
4 Exposure to Excessive Vibration
5 Manual Handling
2.5State how changing circumstances within the workplace could cause hazards. Circumstances change requiring an immediate response that does not allow time for a documented review of the existing risk assessment such as adverse Weather conditions which impact on the amount of hazards on the site.
2.6State the methods used for reporting changed circumstances, hazards and incidents in the workplace. Risk assessments, toolbox talks, task specific safety talks, method statements. Also informing your supervisor and site manager
3.6State the organisational policies and procedures for health, safety and welfare, in relation to: dealing with accidents and emergencies associated with the work and environment methods of receiving or sourcing information
Reporting – tell your supervisor or site manager
stopping work – until the problem is rectified
Evacuation – to muster point when fires occur
fire risks and safe exit – keep fire extinguishers nearby and have a fire plan in place...