Public Opinion, Socialization, Voting, and Elections

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SECTION I. Public Opinion and Pol. Socialization (Chapter 6)

1. Public Opinion is the collective belief of citizens on a given issue or question at a given point of time. (slide 3) or viewed as politically relevant opinions held by ordinary citizens that they can express openly (in text)

2. Attitude is a preference which relates to something very specific as: -An issue (abortion, death penalty war in Iraq)
-A person (Bush, Obama, Boehner, Romney)
-An institution ( Fed. Reserve, Congress, Supreme Court)
-An event (2008 election, 9/11, Iraq War) (slide 7)

3. ideology is set of attributes that form a general philosophy about the role of gov. Generally we think of people as being either liberal or conservative, though in reality it's a little more complicated than that. (slide 7)

4. A) Party (PID) is generally a person is either Democrat or Republican B) We define this as, "Generally speaking what do you consider yourself as...Democrat? or Republican?" (slide7)

5. Over time public opinions is more stable-because in the realm of foreign policy, public opinion is less stable, especially on issues like war. It is influenced by international events. Overt time on domestic issues-public opinion is more stable (slide 4) (in text p. 19)

6. The process of influence and formation of attitude ideology,party, identification is called Political Socialization. (slide12) Political socialization is the complex process which individuals become aware of politics, learn political facts, attitudes, views and opinions and form political values. (slide 13)

7. The link between political socialization and civic engagement is that the strength of our political socialization has a direct relationship with our civic involvement and engagement. (slide 13)

8. Agents of socialization are:
A) Primary- Agents interact closely and regularly with individual (ie: family, church) B) Secondary- Agents are less intimate (ie: work associates) (in text. p. 192)

9. Agents or factors of socialization are individuals, organization and institutions that facilitate and mediate the acquisition of political views, opinions and values. Primary- Family, school and church

Secondary- Peers, media and leaders (slide 14)

10.A) 4 agents of socialization that influence society as a whole are: 1. The economy
2.Political events (9/11)
3. Opinions leaders
4. Media and interest groups (slide 15)
B) All of these agents affect our views over time. Depending on the issue, the timing and socio-economic/pol. climate we influenced by these agents and form opinions based on them

11. The events of 9/11 would be an example of a political event as an agent of socialization? In May 2001 not many Americans were willing to give up personal freedom prior to 9/11. October 2001-May 2006- At least 56% of Americans said 'yes' to giving up personal freedom (slide on 9/11 graph. I think slide 18?)

12. Government is listed as socialization. Gov. influences public opinion by: 1. Domesticating public opinion
2. Recognizing and defending property
3. Voting
B) Public opinion plays role and affects pol. socialization by? (slide 19)

13. Efficacy-Extent to which people believe their actions affect the course of government. Political Trust- is the extent to which people believe the gov. acts in their best interest.(slide 21)

14. Public opinion cannot be measured directly. Must be accessed indirectly. Opinion polls or surveys are the primary method for estimating public sentiment.(text pp 205-207)

15. Elite polls measure the opinion of those members of society in the elite classes only (slide 22)

16. Straw polls-19th century newspapers asked the opinion of their readers to predict outcome of a given election. (slide 22)

17. A random sample poll is method of selection that gives everyone who might be selected to participate in a poll an equal probability/chance to be included. (slide 23)

18. Sample is a subset chosen of the population from which...
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