Psychology Study Guide

Topics: Psychology, Operant conditioning, Sleep Pages: 10 (2403 words) Published: October 15, 2013
Learning Objectives
Chapter 1: The Evolution Of Psychology

Summarize Wundt’s accomplishments and contributions to psychology. Summarize Hall’s accomplishments and contributions to psychology. Describe structuralism and its impact on the subsequent development of psychology. Describe functionalism and its impact on the subsequent development of psychology. Summarize Watson’s views on the appropriate subject matter of psychology, nature versus nurture, and animal research.

6. Summarize Freud’s principal ideas and why they inspired controversy. 7. Summarize Skinner’s work, views, and influence.
8. Summarize Rogers’ and Maslow’s ideas and the contributions of humanistic psychology. 9. Describe important contributions to the emergence of experimental psychology in Canada. 10. Describe the typical areas of expertise of various types of applied or professional psychologists.

11. Explain how historical events have contributed to the emergence of psychology as a profession.
12. Describe two recent trends in research in psychology that reflect a return to psychology’s intellectual roots.
13. Describe Donald Hebb’s significance to the emergence of contemporary psychology. 14. Explain why Western psychology traditionally had scant interest in other cultures and why this situation has begun to change.

15. Use the Featured Study to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of some research methods.
16. Summarize the basic tenets of evolutionary psychology.
17. Describe how positive psychology represents a novel trend in psychological theory and research.
18. Discuss the growth of psychology and the most common work settings for contemporary psychologists.
19. List and describe seven major research areas in psychology. 20. List and describe the four professional specialties in psychology. 21. Summarize the text’s three unifying themes relating to psychology as a field of study. 22. Summarize the text’s four unifying themes relating to psychology’s subject matter. 23. Discuss three important considerations in designing a program to promote adequate studying.

24. Describe the SQ3R method and explain what makes it effective. 25. Summarize advice provided on how to get more out of lectures.

Chapter 7: Human Memory
1. Describe the three basic human memory processes.
2. Discuss the role of attention for memory.

Learning Objectives for Psych 101 2013

3. Describe the three levels of encoding discussed by Craik and Lockhart, and how depth of processing relates to memory.
4. Discuss three techniques for enriching encoding and research on each. 5. Describe the role of the sensory store in memory.
6. Discuss the characteristics of short-term memory and describe the differences between maintenance rehearsal and elaborative rehearsal.
7. Describe the durability and capacity of short-term memory. 8. Describe Baddely’s model of working memory.
9. Evaluate the hypothesis that all memories are stored permanently in long-term memory. 10. Summarize evidence regarding the accuracy of flashbulb memories. 11. Describe conceptual hierarchies, schemas, and semantic networks, and their role in longterm memory. 12. Explain how parallel distributed processing (PDP) models view the representation of information in memory.

13. Explain how retrieval cues and context cues influence retrieval. 14. Discuss Bartlett’s work and research on the misinformation effect. 15. Discuss the implications of evidence on source monitoring and reality monitoring. 16. Describe Ebbinghaus’ forgetting curve and three measures of retention. 17. Explain how forgetting may be due to ineffective encoding. 18. Compare and contrast decay and interference as potential causes of forgetting. 19. Explain how forgetting may be due to factors in the retrieval process. 20. Summarize evidence for the view that recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse may be genuine.

21. Summarize evidence for the view that recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse...
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