Psychology Behavourist

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APPROACHES

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BEHAVIOURIST APPROACH

[pic]Updated May 2012
AS Approaches – Behaviourist Approach

Classical Conditioning Worksheet1

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Description of Pavlov’s experiment:
Fill in the blanks

Pavlov carried out experiments on dogs where he was able to measure their

production of saliva. He found that the dogs salivated more when their ---------

was brought. He also noticed that the noise of the boots of their ‘feeder’

caused the dogs to ----------------. Pavlov investigated this further. He

sounded a bell before each time the dogs were fed. He found that the sound

of the bell caused ---------------------------------------------------------------------.

The above demonstrates the principles of classical conditioning.

Describe in your own words what you think classical conditioning means:

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Classical conditioning involves an association between two stimuli and takes place when learning involves involuntary responses.

In Pavlov’s experiment identify the two stimuli that are associated:

------------------------------------------------------------------------------ What is the involuntary response?

AS Approaches – Behaviourist Approach Worksheet 2

Classical Conditioning – Watson and Rayner

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Describe how Watson and Rayner showed the principles of classical conditioning in a human participant

Discuss strengths and weaknesses of this experiment

AS Approaches – Behaviourist Approach Worksheet 3

Classical Conditioning – Stages of learning

Pavlov

FoodSalivation
(Unconditioned stimulus) (Unconditioned response)

Food + Bell Salivation
(UCS) (Neutral)(UCR)

Bell Salivation
(Conditioned stimulus) (Conditioned response)

Now try to label the learning steps for the following real life examples:

a) Kate felt that she was being followed as she walked through the park late one night. She felt very scared. The grass in the part had recently been cut and she could smell cut grass. Now she always feels scared when she smells cut grass.

b) Jack had a brilliant night out and met loads of new friends – he felt happy and confident. The DJ played a particular track 4 times that night and now Jack always feels happy when he hears it.

Generalisation

Watson and Rayner found that Little Albert was not only scared of furry white rabbits. He showed fear towards any white fluffy objects – this included other white animals and Watson’s white beard. This is called generalisation AS Approaches – Behaviourist Approach Worksheet 4

Classical Conditioning
Match the key terms to their meanings

| | | |Term |Meaning | | |This is a response which is learned from linking a UCS with another stimulus | |Association | | | |This psychology experiment involved Little Albert | |Classical conditioning | | | |This is a stimulus that results in a response because it has been paired with | |Watson and Rayner |the UCS | | |The psychologist must consider any...
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