Psyc 305 Exam #1 Study Guide

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PSYC 305 Exam #1 Study Guide

Defense Mechanisms: help ego deal with anxiety
(Ego cannot handle the conflicts between ID and superego.)

* Rationalism: plausible, but false reason for action
* “I needed to break up with my boyfriend for his own good.”

* Sublimation: socially productive displacement
* “I’ll just go to the gym.”

* Projection: ascribing own impulses to others
* “He hates me.”

* Denial: refusal to acknowledge the impulse
* “I don’t hate my ex.”

* Intellectualization: clear, undistorted recognition of impulse over explained and with emotion removed * “I always have trouble with relationships”

* Repression: impulses or experiences kept unconscious
* “I feel nothing towards him.”

* Isolation: cutting off thoughts related to occurrence
* “I never think about him.”

* Identification: merging ones identity with someone else * “I want to be just like that bully.”

* Reaction Formation: transform impulse to the opposite
* “I love my father so much.” (LOVE/HATE)

* Displacement: impulses toward another activity
* “What a bad day, I hate my boss and my job, punch hole in wall.”

Freud’s Psychosexual Stages
(oral – anal – phallic – latency - Genital)

* Oral
* Birth to age 1
* Focus on mouth and feeding
* All ID, all the time
* From passive > active
* Oral fixation
* Passive, overly optimistic, dependent
* “Experiencing through the mouth”
* Traits: passive dependent, oral aggressive, oral erotic * Anal
* Sphincter muscle
* Age 1 - 3
* Experiencing through elimination and retention
* Excreting – toilet training, ego development
* Anal fixation – orderliness, parsimony and simplicity, obstinacy and stubbornness * Traits: passive aggressive, paranoid, compulsive, messy/disorganized, stubborn/stingy * Phallic
* Age 3 – 5
* Focus on genitals and masturbation
* Successful passage leads to development of the superego * Solid understanding of the opposite sex
* Fixation – immature super ego, pore sex-role typing, sexuality issues * Genitals
* Seen in noticing genitals and sex differences, special attention to opposite sex-parent * Narcissistic, arrogant, vane
* Oedipus conflict
* Boys develop sexual feelings for their mothers and want to replace their dad * Castration anxiety: fear that dad will cut off son’s penis as revenge * Resolved when boy decides to follow in dads footsteps

* Electra Conflict
* Penis envy: girls feel inferior when they realize they do not have a penis, blame mom * Decides to seduce dad for revenge
* Seduction hypothesis: real incest between father-daughter. Revised: fantasy only * Conflict resolved when girl learns to indentify with mother * Latency
* Age 5 – puberty
* Nothing much going on –ID, ego, superego already developed

* Genital
* Starts at puberty
* Sexual satisfaction from opposite sex
* Development of adult sexuality
* Proper resolution if no past fixations

Freud’s Topographic Model (iceberg)
3 components
1. Conscious mind: aware, accept, identify
2. Unconscious mind: can be brought to awareness readily
3. Preconscious mind: repressed.

* ID
* Unconscious
* Preverbal
* Source of our instincts and passions
* Infant
* Driven by pleasure principle
* “Innocent child that doesn’t know any better”
* Primary process
* First to develop
* Libido: sexual energy
* Eros: life instinct
* Thanatos: death instinct
* Balances sex and aggression
* Satisfy urges, reduces tension
* Seeks pleasure
* Ego
* The mostly conscious part of the mind
* Balances or goes between id, superego and reality
* Grows out of the id (ego is shown first even though id exists first) * Face the real world
* Understands reality
* Decision maker between id and superego
*...
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