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What is Multicultural Psychology?
Mo Farrah: Illustration
* Black man (Somali) racing for Great Britain; trains in USA * Biracial couple
* After the win he prayed: Muslim
What is Multicultural Psychology?
Psychology- the systematic study of behavior, cognition and affect -Multi- many -al: pertaining to
Multicultural Psychology: the study of human behavior, cognition and affect as it occurs in many different cultures---can be studied through: travel Related Fields:
* Ethnic Minority Psychology
* Cross-Cultural Psychology
* Cultural Psychology
* Multiculturalism: ideology, philosophy that influences many fields Multiculturalism as a Philosophy
* Basic Assumptions:
* Tolerance
* Respect
* Sensitivity
* Inclusion
* Equality
* Broad definition of culture
* Action Oriented:
* Empowerment
* Social Justice
* Social Change
Key Terms
* Culture (book): the values, beliefs and practices of a group of people (often from a particular geographic region), shared through symbols and passed down generation to generation * Narrow vs. Broad Definitions

* Race
* Biological Construct: a group of people who share similar physical characteristics * Sociocultural Construct: characteristics, values, and behaviors associated with a group who share similar physical characteristics * Ethnicity: the intersection of race and culture

* Nationality: country of origin (where you were born)
* Diversity: refers to recognition and acknowledgement of human differences * Diversity vs. Multiculturalism
Why do we even have this field?
* The “Browning of America”
* The two main places immigrants are coming from: Asia and Latin America * Birth rates have increased
* What effect does this have?
* Recognition of the impact of culture on behavior
* Increasingly global society
* Multiculturalism as the “Fourth Force”
The Cultural Context of Behavior: The Bio psychosocial Model * Biological
* Cognitive Affective
* Something having to do with your thinking and emotions * Social Interpersonal
* Social Institutional-large complex networks of social relationships designed to meet some need of society * Cultural
Multicultural Counseling and Therapy (MCT) Theory
The Major Assumptions of MCT
* All behavior is learned and occurs in a cultural context * Our cultural identities are a major determinant of our behavior * Cultural identities are formed and imbedded in multiple layers and contexts * We have multiple cultural identities

* Cultural identities influence attitudes towards self, others * Liberation of consciousness is a major goal of multiculturalism The Brief Historical Perspective: The Rise of Multiculturalism * Early studies on racial superiority and inferiority

* Early minority psychologists react against this
* Focus on the effects of racism, discrimination, etc…
* Race/Ethnic-Specific Research
* APA’s response to multicultural issues
APA’s Response to Multicultural Issues
* Late 60s/Early 70s—Poor response led to groups breaking away from APA * 1973- Vail Conference (held in Vail, Colorado) training for Psychologists; they voted that graduate programs had to have a multicultural component but did not specify what that should include * 1978—Dulles Conference

* 1979-Office of Ethnic Minority Affairs Established
* 1987—Division 45 Founded (Society for the Psychological Study for Ethnic Minority Issues) * 1992—APA Ethics Code first addresses diversity
* 2003—APA Publishes Multicultural Guidelines
Issues in Research and Testing
The Scientific Approach
* Psychology is a science
* Question
* Hypothesis
* Methods
* Underlying Assumptions
* Objectivity
* Unbiased
* Quantification
* System and Precision
* Universal Principles: the principles...
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