built a library in the Vatican
patron of the arts
Pope Sixtus IV established Sistine Chapel
involved in Pazzi conspiracy
nepotism-favored relatives over merit
Pope Alexander VI Borgia corrupt pope-sparked Protestant Reformation
Pope Julius II patron of the arts; patronized Michelangelo in painting the Sistine Chapel ceiling
tomb designed by Michelangelo
Pope Leo X Medici sold indulgences to pay for St. Peter's Basilica
challenged Martin Luther
Pope Clement VII refused to give Henry VIII an annulment with Catherine of Aragon, leading to the Anglican Church
Dante Alighieri Italian poet
wrote "Divine Comedy"
exiled from Florence for political reasons
Giovanni Boccaccio wrote "The Decameron" in Italian vernacular
supporter of Petrarch
Sandro Botticelli Florentine painter
"Birth of Venus," "Primavera"
Filippo Brunelleschi Florentine architect
designed duomo of Florence cathedral, chapel of Pazzi family
Michelangelo sculptor by nature, painted but hated it; incredible realism
introvert, hated but thrived on competition
work includes Sistine Chapel ceiling, marble David, and the Pieta
studied but criticized da Vinci-equally/more talented
Baldassare Castiglione Italian writer
"Courtier"-manners, maintaining self control
Benvenuto Cellini Florentine goldsmith
"Autobiography"-blending artist and artisan
figures of Earth and Sea (opposing forces)
important mannerism artist
Leonardo da Vinci in depth studies of human anatomy-arrested for necromancy
introduced sfumato, mastered chiaroscuro, pyramid configuration
mysterious backgrounds of painting
famous backward journals; science, architecture, engineering, inventions, practiceetc."renaissance man"
Cosimo de Medici helped found Italian Renaissance
secured peace, patronized artists, established Medici family in Florence; bankers
secured government; only people they favored could participate
Lorenzo de... [continues]
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