1. Yellow and Yangtze Rivers-contained many agricultural settlements, were river valleys 2.Gobi Desert-in northwest China, blocking off invaders from the north and northwest 3.Tibetan Plateau-north of the Himilayan Mountains, protected the west from invasion 4.Yangshao and Longshan cultures-identified as the painted and black pottery cultures 5.Xia Dynasty-started around 4000 years ago, leader Yu introduced irrigation and draining 6.Shang Dynasty-afterthe Xia in the 16th century B.C.E., oracle bones found in Anyang 7.Anyang-capital of the Shang Dynasty, oracle bones were dug up revealing early writing 8.Xinjiang corpses-from 2000 B.C.E., clearly European, revealing migration eastward 9.oracle bones- turtle shells that had Chinese writing on one side, and scratchs from gods 10.Shang bronzes-utensils,weapons,ritual objects were made from bronze casting 11.well field system-8 families cultivated their own plot and worked together on the 9th plot 12.Zhou Dynasty-2 capital cities for a more extensive bureaucracy, territories w/ govenors 13.silk-found on bronzes and in tombs, used for clothing and wrapping the dead 14.Silk Road-a travel route from China westward, trading mostly silk 15.Mandate of Heaven-the right to rule from the gods, a dynasty can lose and gain M.O.H. 16.Rites of Zhou-one of the oldest surviving documents, stating that Zhou ruled bc of MOH 17.yin and yang-interacting, opposing forces in nature, always should be in balance *18.Yi Jing/Book of Changes-
19.Confucius-the lader of Confucianism, belief in 5 key relationships and filial piety 20.The Analects-written by Confucius' disciples on the sayings and ideas relating to him 21.Mencius-(370-290 BCE) a philosopher who stressed the humanistic side of Confucianism 22.Legalism-humans were evil by nature, and had to have harsh laws and strict punishments *23.Way of Great Learning-
24.Lao Tzu-founder of Daoism, "Old Master"
25.Daoism-based on forces in nature,...