'Jean-François Lyotard, Ph.D., (b. 1924 in Versailles) became one of the world's foremost philosophers, noted for his analysis of the impact of postmodernity on the human condition. A key figure in contemporary French philosophy, his interdisciplinary discourse covers a wide variety of topics including knowledge and communication; the human body; modernist and postmodern art, literature, and music; film; time and memory; space, the city, and landscape; the sublime; and the relation between aesthetics and politics.
-Jean-Francois Lyotard is a French philosopher best known for his ideas about post-modernism. In this essay, lyotard strongly doubts the idea of Habermas about the incomplete project of modernity. He disagrees with habermas in his attempt to bridge the gap between cognitive, ethical, and political discourse and opening a way to a unity of experience. He opines that Habermas ideas of the writers getting back into the bosom of community and society is ill one. This kind of writing that Habermas favours is realism. But Lyotard says realism intends to avoid the question of reality implicated in art; furthermore realism always stands somewhere between academicism and litch. This search of reality should be broken to let the art survive
-Laotard opposes these concepts and believes that reality as such is not there. Reality is just an representation or an illusion of reality so lyotard claims that the function of modernist is to create the illusion of reality but not the reality itself. He urges to stand against reality.
-Modernity unable people to see something only by making it impossible to see, it caters pleasure only causing pain and makes an illusion to the unpresentable by means of visible presentation. Lyotard asserts that Habermas confuses Kantian sublime with Freudian sublimation by connecting aesthetics with the beautiful. Kantian sublimity may be pleasant or pain which can not be described exactly in words. In the...