Chapter 4 Key Terms
Pontiac’s Rebellion: (1763) Indian chief Pontiac led a major attack against the colonies. The British did not rely on colonial forces, but instead sent their army to deal with the rebellion Proclamation Act of 1763: Prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. British hoped it would prevent violence between Native Americans and colonists. The colonists were angry and disobeyed the law, moving to the west of the mountains in large numbers (1763) Sugar Act: (1764) Placed taxes on goods such as foreign sugar and other luxuries. Was an attempt to enforce Navigation Acts and stop smuggling. Also known as the Revenue Act of 1764. Quartering Act: Required the colonists to provide food and living quarters for British soldiers who were stationed in the colonies because they refused to pay money to build living quarters or barracks for them Stamp Act: (1765) Required that revenue stamps be placed on almost all printed paper or legal documents. First direct tax paid by the people. Boycotts were effective in repealing this Act, colonists refused to purchase any article of British origin, causing a drop in trade. Patrick Henry: Young Virginian lawyer who coined the phrase "No taxation without representation" in his speech to the House of Burgesses
Stamp Act Congress: Representatives from nine colonies met in NY (1765), and decided that only their own elected representatives had the power to approve taxes
Sons and Daughters of Liberty: Secret society (usually of upper or middle class people) who intimidated tax agents; became violent when the members of this society tarred and feathered the revenue officials and tax collectors, also destroyed the revenue stamps.
Declaratory Act: (1766) Parliament agreed to do away with the Stamp Act, but at the same time enforced this new act which allowed them to tax and make laws for the colonies “in all cases whatsoever.” This stopped the violence and rebellious attitude
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