Political Science Notes

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10/19/2012

-Roosevelt corollary 1904 - in the future if a European counties that has a debt problem with a Latin America country then you would go to the United States and not go straight to the country. Have US enforce the policy and collect debt. - Latin America countries did not like the policy ( Dominican Republic had issues with the British so America took over the government and seized control of the resources)

-Summer of 1914 - Europeans was ready to begin another internal war, the United States did not get involved listening to Washington -The war started August 1914 (WWI)
-The American wanted to make money off the European countries but they broke neutrality -The Germans wanted to cut off American supplies coming in
-The British made sure that there were a blockade that stopped all things going to Germany from US -The British battleships would be waiting at the North Sea which give the Germans no chance to intercept any incoming American supplies -The Germans relied on German u-boats

-The Germans wanted to end the war so they decided to sink all American ships -Woodrow Wilson is a very moralistic man
-US army was not very modern compared to European armies
-Germany tried to convince Mexico to start war with the US in return to promising Mexico more territories from the US -Mexico and Germany started to send communications (telegram) the Zimmerman -The US April 1917 declared war but the US did not have an army. The size of the US army was about 200000 which could be lost in one battle on the western front. -The United States Army begin to go on the battlefield on the 1918 by then Germany was almost done -The British lost about 1 million soldiers

-The French was about 1.4 million soldiers
• After the war - Wilson proposed more trades more democracy national sum of determination ( the league of nation ) • Congress did not like the idea of league of nation did not like the trade and at the end did not get involved with it • 1920-1930 - went back into isolationist

A. The neutrality act of 1935 to ensure that the United States would not get involved in future European wars 1. Make sure that American ships would not have ammunitions 2. Not permitting US to get on other country boats and planes 3. American banks are not allowed to loan money to war countries • Henry Luce the founder of the Times was born in china and when Japan invaded china, he made sure that the American got the full publicity. The American public was angered with the japs • The news rios would show the Japanese invading of china

• Missionary would go to churches to ask for donations and the ones from china would tell how bad things are and which made it worst for the American public. • The government had to figure a way to help the good guys • 1937 cash and carry - they can come to United States and puck up the supplies and pay with cash • The problem was that countries were running out of money • Lend/lease - American agreed to lend weapons to allied countries. As the president of the United States Roosevelt wanted to be able to give weapons to any countries that he wanted and anything else they need. (Instead of money to buy the supplies and weapons, US would loan anything that they need to fight the war) • British developed a technique to domination - gunboat diplomacy - loan money to countries and if they are unable to pay back the debt then the British would send in battleships unless you let them take control over their resources and treasures. British begin to target South American countries, Roosevelt and US felt that this was unacceptable

10/22/12
• Neutrality act - cannot ship supplies or ammo in American flagged ships • The British the French and the Chinese were the main countries that the president felt the need to help • Belligerent - helping one side more then helping out the other side without getting involved into the war for the national interest • December 1941 - Japan attacked Pearl Harbor...
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