Political Science

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MEANING OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
Defined as the study of the state in all its elements, aspects and relationships e.g. government and its organs, institutions through which the state functions. Is also a systematic analysis to discover not only about the state but as well as political attitudes, controversial issues concerning state operation, powers and functions Greek

The word politics has its origins in Ancient Greece. 
All of the cities in Ancient Greece, such as Athens, Sparta, and Corinth, were referred to as city-states and the Greek word for a city-state was polis (πολις) Aristotle made the observation that every polis is a kind of association and that man by nature is a political animal. This relationship may be characterized by rule, authority, or power. Indeed, when men live together in association, they create rules, authorities or governments to deal with the conflicts. * ETYMOLOGICAL DEFINITION

Latin Politicus was an adjective that was used to describe anything “of the state”.  “Politics is a fascinating game, because politics is government. It is the art of government.” –Harry Truman

“Politics is the gentle art of getting votes from the poor and campaign funds from the rich by promising to protect each from the other.” OSCAR AMERINGER

Political Scientist or Politician?
* A political scientist is deeply involved in the study of politics. * He endeavors continuously to observe political phenomenon * Does researches on political activities
* A politician is a political practitioner
Fields of Political Science
1. Political theory/philosophy
2. Public Law
3. International relations – law, organization
4. Government
5. Comparative Government
6. Public Administration
7. Political Dynamics
8. Legislation
9. Government and Business
10. Political theory
1. deals with the study of the state through a systematic body of principles relating to the origin, form, behavior, and purpose of the state upon which its political system operates. Political thoughts from great thinkers about political phenomena e.g.: -Aristotle’s man is a political animal

-Montesquieu - separation of powers and functions of 3 branches of government 2. Public Law
* Refers to the constitutional and legal principles/rules governing sovereign states, governments, and individuals in their relationship with one another. * It is divided into:
* International law
* Constitutional law
* And administrative law
It also includes jurisprudence
3. International Relations
* It involves inquiries into the foreign policy of nation-states in their mutual relationships on the different forces – geographical, technological, economic, demographic, psychological and political – which contribute to the shaping of society * this also includes international law – which is the body of generally accepted principles that governs and regulates the relationship and conduct of nation-states. 4. Government

* Deals with the government set-up of a state on both national and local levels and covers the ; * state constitution
* Laws
* Citizenship
* Structures of the various levels of government
* The election process
1. the judicial system,
2. political parties and interest groups
3. Legitimate power and authority
4. Operation of Government
5. Comparative Government
* The study seeks the similarities and differences among states as regards their executive, legislative, and judicial bodies, their constitution, laws, administrative organizations, foreign policies, political parties, and processes, economic, social and political functions, cultures and traditions. * The study uses descriptive, analytical, or sociological method. 6. Public Administration

* Brings forth a...
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