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Test Review #1
Tuesday, January 29, 2013
9:26 PM
* 50 questions
* Mostly multiple choice
* Bring a number 2 pencil
 
 
1. Difference between illicit and licit drugs
-illcit drugs-drugs whose manufacture,sale,or possession is illegal.ex:cocaine,herion,marijuana
-licit drugs-drugs whose manufacture,sale,or possession is legal.ex:alchol,nictone, caffine

2.Difference between instrumental and recreational use of drugs
-instrumental –A person taking a drug with a socially approved goal in mind.
-recreational- A person is taking the drug for the sole purpose of experiencing its psychoactive properties ( to get high)

3.Difference between Primary Secondary Tertiary prevention ***Family Systems in Primary and Secondary Prevention***
* Family influences form the cornerstone of successful substance abuse prevention program. * Family is first line of defense.
* Those who need information the most:
* Parents who are in denial
* Those out of control themselves
* Those who are absent

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4.What illicit drug is the number one most likely to result in an emergency room visit

-prescription or an Over the counter medication

5.Know the philosophy of supply and availability of towards drugs?
-A decine is supply-increase in value and demand.

6.The result of mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines
-a judge to impose a fixed minimal term in prison for individuals convicted of certain crimes,regardless of the individuals role in the crime or other mitigatin cirucumstances.

7.Know the supply and demand principle
-

8.What was the purpose of raising the legal drinking age in the united states? Answer:Car Accidents

9.Know the triple threat affecting teenagers
***The Triple Threat: Stress, Boredom, and Money.***
* Three circumstances on the likelihood that a teenager would engage in some form of substance abuse: 1.The degree of stress they are under.
2.The Frequency with which they are bored
3.Money they have to spend in a week.

10.What are drug courts and their programs
-Specialized courts designed to handle adult adult, nonviolent offenders with substance abuse problems.
-defense attorney,probation officers,prosectors.

11.Know differential/association theory
**Differential Association Theory**
* Erich Goode and Bruce Johnson
* Drug taking behavior is learned in interactions and communications with other individuals.

12.Know labeling theory
**Labeling Theory**
* A drug user internalizes a newly acquired label of deviance. * Continues drug-taking behavior that is based on the expectations of others.

13.Know social control theory
***Social Control/Bonding Theory***
* Weakened social bonds between an individual and social entities. * Ex: Family, religious affiliation, school and community

* Bond to society and moral code keeps them from breaking laws.

14.Know anomie/string theory
* Sociologist Emile Durkheim (1893)
* Feelings of frustration and alienation
* Not able to meet the demands of society
**Five Adaptations of Anomie/Strain Theory**
1.Conformity
2.Innovation
3.Ritualism
4.Retreatism
5.Rebellion

15.Know robert murtence adaptations to Behavioral theories Drug abuse comes as a result of reinforcing the behavior.
The effect

16.Neural transmitters
Answer:Serotonin and dopamine

17.Is there a single theory for explanation of drug abuse?
Answer:No

18.Know the rate of eliminated of the human body of drugs

19.What is the first line of defense against illicit drugs?

20.Difference between drug abuse and drug misuse
* Misuse: When a prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) drug is used inappropriately. * Drug abuse: Drug-taking behavior where primary motivation is recreational.
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