ISSN 0306-6142 ISBN 0 86094 220 1 © John Pickles Published by Geo Books, Norwich Printed by W.H. Hutchins & Sons, Norwich
CATMOG - Concepts and Techniques in Modern Geography
CONCEPTS AND TECHNIQUES IN MODERN GEOGRAPHY No. 44 GEOGRAPHY AND HUMANISM by John Pickles (West Virginia University) EDITOR'S NOTE PREFACE NOTE ON THE USE OF THE GLOSSARY I INTRODUCTION (i) (ii) (iii) II (i) (ii) (i) (ii) IV (i) (ii) V (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) VI (1) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Two themes in the development of humanism in geography Philosophical underpinnings The need for critique Liberalism and the origins of humanism The critique of positivism The behavioural revolution The rise of epistemological 1 1 2 4 4 7 8 10 12 13 16 problems 17 19 21 21 24 26 26 27 28 29 30 30 32 34 34 37 39 41 43 43 45 45 47 48 53
CATMOG has been created to fill in a teaching need in the field of quantitative methods in undergraduate geography courses. These texts are admirable guides for teachers, yet cheap enough for student purchase as the basis of classwork. Each book is written by an author currently working with the technique or concept he describes. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. IS. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. chain analysis Introduction to Markov - L. Collins Distance decay in spatial interactions - P.J. Taylor Understanding canonical correlation analysis - D. Clark Some theoretical and applied aspects of spatial interaction shopping models - S. Openshaw An introduction to trend surface analysis - D. Unwin Classification in geography - R.J. Johnston An introduction to factor analysis - 3.B. Goddard & A. Kirby Principal components analysis - S. Daultrey Causal inferences from dichotomous variables - N. Davidson Introduction to the use of logit models in geography - N. Wrigley Linear programming: .elementary geographical applications of the transportation problem - A. Hay An introduction to quadrat analysis (2nd edition) - R.W. Thomas An introduction to time-geography - N.J. Thrift An introduction to graph theoretical methods in geography - K.J. Tinkler Linear regression in geography - R. Ferguson Probability surface mapping. An introduction with examples and FORTRAN programs - N. Wrigley Sampling methods for geographical research - C.J. Dixon & B. Leach Questionnaires and interviews in geographical research - C.J. Dixon & B. Leach Analysis of frequency distributions - V. Gardiner & G. Gardiner Analysis of covariance and comparison of regression lines - J. Silk An introduction to the use of simultaneous-equation regression analysis in geography - D. Todd Transfer function modelling: relationship between time series variables - Pong-wai Lai Stochastic processes in one dimensional series: an introduction - K.S. Richards Linear programming: the Simplex method with geographical applications - James E. Killen Directional statistics - G.L. Gaile & J.E. Burt Potential models in human geography - D.C. Rich Causal modelling: the Simon-Blalock approach - D.G. Pringle Statistical forecasting - R.J. Bennett The British Census - J.C. Dewdney The analysis of variance - J. Silk Information statistics in geography - R.W. Thomas Centrographic measures in geography - A. Kellerman An introduction to dimensional analysis for geographers - R. Haynes An introduction to Q-analysis - J. Beaumont & A. Gatrell
WHAT IS HUMANISM?
III THE ORIGINS OF HUMANISTIC GEOGRAPHY
THE CRITIQUE OF THE RELEVANCE CLAIM The moral imperative The geography of human survival The two cultures Geography as art The phenomenological foundations of geographical experience Geography as interpretative science Humanism as hand-maiden to 'scientific geography' The strong claims for humanistic geography Idealist epistemology Epistemologies of experience Hermeneutics and poetics The possibility of a humanism Humanism and Marxism The structuralist critique Beyond...