Phrases and Clauses

Topics: Syntactic entities, Sentence, Gerund Pages: 4 (1030 words) Published: March 11, 2013
Phrases and Clauses

5 December 2012
Phrases and Clauses
I) Prepositional and Appositive Phrases
Phrase- a few words that do not have a subject or a verb and are one part of speech in a sentence A) Prepositional Phrases
Prepositional phrase- preposition with a noun or pronoun following it Ex: near the table and chairs. “Near” is the preposition and “table and chairs” are the objects. 1) Adjectival Phrases
Adjectival phrase- a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun by telling what kind or which one ~modifies subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objective compliments, predicate nominatives, and objects or prepositions 2) Adverbial Phrases

Adverbial phrase- a prepositional phrase that acts as an adverb
~modifies verbs, adjectives, and adverbs
Ex: We sat on the park bench. “Sat” is the verb and “on the park bench” is describing where “we” were sitting. A) Appositives and Appositive Phrases
1) Appositives
Appositive- a noun or pronoun placed after another noun of pronoun to identify, rename, or explain it ~appositive comes from a Latin verb that means “to put near or next to” ~not modifiers
~add detail
Ex: I will win the race with my breast stroke, the butterfly. “The butterfly” is the appositive that identifies the breast stroke
2) Appositive Phrases
Appositive phrase- a noun or pronoun with modifiers, placed next to a noun or pronoun to add information and details Ex: That hat, the navy blue one with white edging, would match my ski jacket. “The navy blue one with white edging” describes the “hat” I) Verbal Phrases

Verbal- a word derived from a verb but used as a noun, adjective, or adverb ~can be modified by adverbs and adverbial phrases
A) Participles and Participial Phrases
1) Participles
Participle- a form of a verb that acts as an adjective
Ex: The running water caused a flood.
a) Forms or Participles
~three forms: present, past, and perfect
•present ends...
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