Phl 104-51 Midterm

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Laura Marie

PHI 104-51

MIDTERM

MIDTERM EXAM

INSTRUCTIONS: Please answer the following questions with a few sentences or a paragraph.

1. Define Ethics:

Ethics are principles of right conduct that serve as rules for people. It is the understanding of what is right and wrong, and choosing to do what is right.

2. What are the 5 Steps to Making an Ethical Decision?

The first step in making an Ethical decision is to recognize a moral issue. The second step is to get the facts. Step three to making an ethical decision is to evaluate the alternative actions from various moral perspectives. Meaning, which option will produce the most good and cause the least harm. Step four to making an ethical decision is to make a decision after looking at all moral perspectives and choosing the right thing to do. The fifth and final step in making an ethical decision is to act, and then reflect on the decision later.

3. What is Ethical Relativism?

Ethical Relativism means that there is no general right and wrong. To elaborate on that, what we do as Americans may not be viewed as ethically right in a different country such as Korea, but that does not mean one country is right and the other is wrong. Ethical Relativism is determined by a specific group of people or culture. There are two different forms of Ethical Relativism: Individual and Cultural Ethical Relativism. Individual Ethical Relativism is that our values of ethics differ from person to person; it is based off of your own beliefs. Cultural Ethical Relativism is that the value of ethics varies from society to society.

4. What is Utilitarianism and Consequentialism?

Consequentialism is when an individual determines if an action is right or wrong based on if its consequences will be good or bad. Utilitarianism is when an individual acts on an action when the consequences act in the best interest for...
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