CHAPTER 6 - THE BIRTH OF A NATION
* WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PROCLAMATION OF THE PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE IN 1898?
The significance of the proclamation of the Philippine independence is that the Philippines is finally free from the 333 years rule of the Spaniards. As we all know, the Spaniards colonized the country for the longest time. The Filipino people definitely wanted to be freed for the Spaniards and eventually their sense of nationalism has finally awakened. Many revolts and uprisings occurred during the Spanish occupation, but unfortunately they all failed. Even though there are also other foreign countries who colonized the Philippines after the Spaniards, we can still consider the Proclamation of Philippine Independence in 1898 a very significant one because finally the Filipinos we’re able to free themselves from the almost endless rule of the Spaniards.
* IS THE SEPARATION OF THE CHURCH AND STATE NECESSARY? WHY?
It is necessary for the church and state to be separated because there are issues in our country that cannot be decided by both parties at once. As we all know, the state would agree or implement something that they think will be good for the country, while the church's priority is the catholic religion and something that opposes the religion, whether it will be for the good of our country, they will never consider. There's no was church and state can be combined, because definitely there will be a lot of conflicts. For example, the issue about the RH law. The state wanted to implement it because we must control our growing population, while the church opposes it because as they said, it is against the catholic morals.
CHAPTER 7 - THE AMERICAN RULE
* WHAT ARE THE REASONS BEHIND THE FILIPINO-AMERICAN WAR [1899-1906]
It is because soon after the surrender of the Spanish authorities, the Americans announced the founding of a military government which the Filipino leaders did not recognize. President McKinley issued a policy of Benevolent Assimilation. It says that Americans would take care of the safety, peace, and progress of the nation through a military government. But in truth, the policy stressed that the authority if the Americans must gain widespread control all over the country by means of force. The plan was for the military head in the United States to inform the Filipinos that the end of the Spanish rule was also the beginning of the American occupation.
* WHAT WERE THE CULTURAL CHANGES BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE AMERICANS TO THE FILIPINOS?
American Influences can still be seen in the country's system of education, literature, art, architecture, science, industry, home, food, clothes, religion, pastimes, music and dances. Filipinos took education seriously which resulted to the high social status of some Filipinos. The Filipinos learned how to read, speak and write English in a short matter of time. The free exchange of goods between the United Stated and the Philippines ended when the U.S. Congress approved the Tydings-Mcduffie Law. Through the Homestead Act, the right to own any civil land up to 24 hectares was given to any Filipino. The Protestant religion was accepted by the Filipinos. The social status of Filipino Women during the American period. They were allowed to participate in politics, to work in the government, and to pursue their studies in college. Matters like health and cleanliness were improved. Transportation and communication in the Philippines were developed.
* HOW DID THE MILITARY GROUPS ON THE COUNTRY OPERATE DURING THE AMERICAN ADMINISTRATION?
Militant peasant and workers' groups were formed during the U.S. occupation despite the repressive situation. A movement for Philippine independence, involving diverse groups, continued throughout the occupation. A Commonwealth government was established in 1935 to allow limited self-rule but this was interrupted by the Second World War and the Japanese...
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