Peace and Conflict Studies

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Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
University of Dhaka

Course Name: Theory to and analysis of peace Studies
No: PACS-205

Subject: Approaches to war

Submitted to:
Mohammad Shaheenur Alam
Lecturer
Department of peace and conflict studies
Faculty of social science

Submitted by:
Mahadi Hassan
6th batch,2nd semester
ID NO-102
Department of peace and conflict studies
Faculty of social science

Date of submission: 25 September, 2012

Content

Acknowledgement………………………………………………………….1 Introduction……………………………………………………………….2 Definition of war………………………………………………………….2 Causes of war……………………………………………………………..4
Kinds of war………………………………………………………………6
Structural factors of war…………………………………………………….7 The Balance of power ………………………………………………………7 The pattern of interdependence……………………………………………..8 Alliances…………………………………………………………………….8
Hunan Costs of War………………………………………………………8
Just war theory……………………………………………………………10

Acknowledgement
Firstly, I thanks to Almighty Allah who gave me opportunity to complete my assignment. The Great war was the second total war in modern times. Everyone in the belligerent states was involved, both soldiers and civilians. War become history based for the victorious and prejudiced against the defeated. The victorious are adorned whereas the conquered are defamed, whether wright or wrong. However, it is Cristal clear that the War is the most destructive war of human history. The history of War is reach and strong regarding information. Collecting information about this subject is not rare. There are a lot of books, magazines, documentaries and web-sites are available about the topic. To prepare the assignment, I have taken assistance from some famous books and web-sites. And finally, I have tried to abloom the whole scenario of approaches to war and its historical background. I farther acknowledgement my debt to those librarians who allowed me to have their kindly assistance.

Introduction
War has taken place from the beginning from record time and in all parts of the world. War is a function of ambiguities in the state system. If the world’s land mass was all distributed between groups of people, each homogenous in make-up, occupying territory sufficient rich for its needs and blessed with a popular government, then there would be little war. Unfortunately people territory, resources and power are distributed unevenly. It is often uncertain where some states end and others begin. Since the 19th century, the size and expense of war, machines and uncertainly about the consequences of war for society, as a whole, have made violence an increasingly unsustainable means for conducting international affairs. Despite its costs and the availability of non-coercive method s of diplomacy, war has been institutionalized to handle conflict. The use of violence remains among states as an accepted instrument for the extension or protection of their power. Organization military is persistently used in pursuit of the social goals of domination. Resources, skill and technology have been developed to prepare for war. Maintenance of strong military power id presupposed to be the normal conduct of sovereign state business. The decision making power is concentrated in a small group of leaders and advisors whose judgments is distorted by misperception, enemy images and inadequate information processing.

Definition of war

In the broadest sense war is a violent contact of distinct but similar entities. In this sense a collision of stars, a fight between a lion and a tiger, a battle between tow primitive tribes, and hostilities between two modern nations would all be war. This broad definition has been elaborated for professional purposes by lawyers, diplomats, and soldiers and for scientific discussion by sociologists and psychologists. International lawyers and diplomats gave usually followed Grotious conception of war as the condition of these contending by force as such,’ thought they have...
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