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AP Biology Midterm Study Guide
Ecology, Biochemistry, Cells, Genetics, and Evolution
Midterm Date:

Part I: Multiple Choice Questions (60)

VOCAB TO KNOW:
ElementDiffusionHomozygousLytic Cycle
CompoundIsotonicHeterozygousLysogenic Cycle
NeutronsHypertonicPhenotypeTransformation
ProtonsHypotonicGenotypeTransduction
ElectronsOsmosisCodominanceConjugation
Atomic NumberTurgidWild typePlasmid
Mass NumberFlaccidMutantEvolution
IsotopeEndocytosis Sex-linkedTaxonomy
Covalent BondExocytosisNondisjunctionGradualism
Ionic BondPhagocytosisTrisomyHomologous
Hydrogen BondATP synthaseMonosomySpecies
PolarChemiosmosisLigaseSpeciation
HydrophilicFermentationHelicaseAdaptive Radiation
HydrophobicSomatic CellsTranscriptionPunctuated Equilibrium AcidGametesmRNA splicingAutotroph/ Heterotroph
BaseInterphaseTranslationBiome
PolymerMitosisCodonsKinesis
MonomerCytokinesisPromoterTaxis
DenaturationZygoteIntronsCarrying Capacity
EndergonicHaploidExonsParasitism
ExergonicDiploidAnticodonsCommensalism
Feedback InhibitionMeiosisMutationMutualism

1. Given the atomic number of an element, be able to determine the number of neutrons in two different isotopes. 2. Given the atomic number and mass number, be able to draw the electron configuration of an element. 3. Know which part of a water molecule is slightly positive, and which part is slightly negative. 4. Given the chemical formula, be able to determine if a compound is an acid or a base. 5. Know the structure of the various functional groups.

6. Know the names of the monomers and polymers for each of the four major groups of organic compounds. 7. Be familiar with the structure of DNA.
8. Know and be able to recognize the levels of protein structure (from primary structure to...
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