Paramedic Review

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aramedic reviewPage 1

1.An exaggerated response by the immune system to a foreign substance is: a.an allergic reaction.
b.an allergy.
c.hypersensitivity.
d.an immune response.

2.A life-threatening emergency that occurs due to an unusually exaggerated allergic reaction to a foreign protein or other substance is: a.anaphylaxis.
b.hypersensitivity.
c.an immune response.
d.a primary response.

3.Approximately how many persons in the United States die annually due to anaphylaxis? a.25-40
b.100-500
c.400-800
d.800-1000

4.The most common cause of anaphylaxis is:
a.horse fly bites.
b.Hymenoptera stings.
c.iodine.
d.penicillin dosing.

5.The immune response mechanism that involves a direct attack of the foreign substance by specialized cells of the immune system is: a.cellular immunity.
b.humoral immunity.
c.primary response.
d.secondary response.

6.All of the following are recommended preventions for patients with a history of anaphylaxis EXCEPT: a.avoid foods or substances that can trigger anaphylaxis. b.avoid immunotherapy programs.

c.carry an EpiPen.
d.wear a medical identification device.

Page 2

7.Antigens that result in an immediate hypersensitivity reaction cause the immediate release of _____ antibodies. a.IgA
b.IgE
c.IgG
d.IgM

8.The most common route of entry of an allergen in an anaphylactic reaction is: a.absorption.
b.ingestion.
c.inhalation.
d.injection.

9.Genetically predetermined immunity is:
a.acquired immunity.
b.induced immunity.
c.natural immunity.
d.passive immunity.

10.A protein capable of stimulating an immune response is an: a.antibody.
b.antigen.
c.immunobody.
d.immunoglobulin.

11.Which of the following is LEAST likely to stimulate anaphylaxis? a.fire ants
b.iodine
c.penicillin
d.poison ivy

12.Which cells produce antibodies?
a.A...
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