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Kashmiri:
A Guide into Language and Culture

India

Presented By:
Rey Pina, B.S. Ciara Rangel, B.S Texas State University Assistant Professor: Rahul Chakraborty

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Table of Contents Demographics of Kashmiri……………………………………. 4 State Demographics……………………………………….. 4 Language Demographics………………………………….. 5 United State Demographics……………………………….. 6 Kashmiri Dispute………………………………………………..7 Linguistic Community…………………………………………..9 Language Variation…………………………………………….10 Orothographic Differences…..………………………………...10 Linguistic Features……………………………………………..11 Phonology………………………………………………….11 Vowels……………………………………………….12 Consonants………………………………………….12 Morphology………………………………………………..12 Nouns………………………………………………..12 Pronouns…………………………………………….13 Adjectives……………………………………………13 Verbs………………………………………………...13 Syntax………………………………………………………14 Pragmatics…………………………………………………14 Social Aspects of Kashmiri……………………………………..15 Religion…………………………………………………….15 Major Holidays…………………………………………….16 Kashmiri Cuisine…………………………………………..17 Wazwan……………………………………………….19 Kashmiri Clothing………………………………………….20 Music.....................................................................................21 Television…………………………………………………..22 Festivals……………………………………………………22 Social Etiquette ……………………………………………23 SLP’s with Target Language…………………………………..24 Resources……………………………………………………......24

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Demographics of Kashmiri State -Kashmiri is spoken in the northwest regions of India primarily the administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. -Jammu and Kashmir consists 3 district regions called Kashmir Valley, Jammu, and Ladakh. -Jammu & Kashmir is surrounded by Pakistani-administered provinces the Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir, and the Chinese-administered region of Aksai Chin. -According to the 2001 Census of India reports that the population of Jammu and Kashmir is over 10 million people. *Information taken from-http://india.gov.in/knowindia/st_jammukashmir.php

*Photos taken from Google Images

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Language Kashmiri is one of 22 national languages in India. Approximately, over 5 million speakers in the northern regions of India. It is primarily spoken in the valley of Kashmir in the administered state of Jammu and Kashmir, where it is the official language. 105,000 immigrants also speak the language in Pakistan from the Kashmir Valley. Speakers of Kashmiri also speak Hindi, English, and Urdu as a second language. * Information taken from Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily LifeKashmiris

India State/Union Territory
1. Jammu & Kashmir 2. Himachal Pradesh 3. Delhi 4. Maharashtra 5.Uttaranchal

2001 Census Data on Kashmiri Persons Male

Female

5,425,733 50,192 21,325 5,344 4,175

2,804,306 26,695 11,204 2,902 2,261

2,621,427 23,497 10,121 2,442 1,914

http://censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/Census_Data_Online/Language/parta.htm

*Photo taken from Google Images 5

Kashmiri and the United States According to the U.S Census Bureau, the number of persons speaking another language other than English in the home during 2006-2008 was over 55 million people. Of those only 833 people in the United States speak Kashmiri. Number of Speakers Spoke English less U.S Census than “Very Well” 2006-2008 Kashmiri 833 *United States Census Bureau 202

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The Kashmir Dispute
Since 1846, Jammu and Kashmir, had been ruled by Dogra Hindu; however, most of the people within the state were predominately Muslim. o Since the early 1930s, these Muslims were fighting/arguing against the insensitivity and heavy taxation caused by the ruler. o Muslims from all over the region revolted against him and the Indian ruler retaliated with brutal force against them, hence, causing violence. In light of this violence, the Indian ruler and his family sought military assistance from India. o India agreed to help if only they would make the state part of their country. In 1947, a major conflict between Pakistan (Muslims) and India (Hindus) took place within the regions of Jammu and...
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