Outlines Section 1-3

Topics: Capitalism, Racism, Gender Pages: 10 (910 words) Published: March 19, 2013
outlines section 1-3
Concepts/Catching us up to 1877

Section 1

• Scientific Racism

• Categorizing mankind

• Christianity and monogenetics

• polygenetics

• American school of Ethnology

– Samuel George Morton

– Dr. Josiah Nott

• Phrenology

– George Combe

– Popularization: Lorenzo and Orson Fowler

• The Ascendance of the Aryan race ideology

• Count Arthur de Gobineau

– An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races (1854)

– Great civilizations all Aryan

– Miscegenation

– Source of racial theory for many, including Hitler/NAZIs

• Impact of race theory in the United States by the mid-19th century

• Social Darwinism: A more “scientific” proof

• Sex v. Gender

• Sex: the anatomical/physiological difference between male and female

• Gender: a set of values/beliefs constructed by societies based on perceived differences. Gender system: what men and women SHOULD do and be.

– Gender as prescription

– Gender as a vocabulary of power

– Gender as analytic construct

• Masculine and Feminine

• Remember, one does not have to be sexually male to exhibit masculine gender attributes. Nor does one have to be female to exhibit feminine values.

• Real world example: baby clothes

• The clothesline of gender

• New Ideas about Sex and Gender emerge in the 18th/19th centuries

• “One Sex” v. “Two Sex” models

• A Brief Encapsulation of Women’s status in early America (and beyond)

• Patriarchy

– Society of deference

• Coverture (femme covert)

• While the 19th century saw some decline in patriarchic ideas and in some cases some changes in coverture, these concepts had lasting impact in US History

African-American life in the post-Reconstruction South

Section 2

The Civil War and Reconstruction

• Was the war about slavery?

• Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation (1863)

• The Radical Republican Amendments (13,14,15)

• Reconstruction (1863-77)

• Reconstruction ends, what next?

• The real world impact of race stereotype in the South in the 19th and early 20th centuries

• Spreading race theory and stereotype: the minstrel show

• An enduring genre

• De jure (legal) segregation and discrimination

• Jim Crow laws (Black Codes)

• Application to all racial minorities

• Extralegal racism and discrimination

• Example: Ku Klux Klan


• Lynching

– 1880-1930: conservatively 2500 lynchings of African-Americans

– "Mob violence against African-Americans served four functions within southern society during the lynching era:

• 1. to eradicate specific persons accused of crimes against the white community;

• 2. as a mechanism of state-sanctioned terrorism designed to maintain a degree of leverage over the African-American population;

• 3. to eliminate or neutralize competitors for social, economic, or political rewards; and

• 4. as a symbolic manifestation of the unity of white supremacy"

• Ida Wells-Barnett

• African-American life in the late 19th century South

• Not that much difference from antebellum life

• Low-paying jobs

• Sharecropping (tenant farming)

– Mostly African-American

– Wage slavery

• By the end of the 19th century, old stereotype and prejudice as strong as ever


Section 3

• The Rise of Western Capitalism

• Capitalism: The definitions of capitalism, particularly of the results of the system, are multifold. However, some basic ideas are generally agreed upon.

a. private ownership of property exists,...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Chapter 18 Section 3 Outline Essay
  • Essay on Outline of Chapter 1 Accounting
  • Section 1 – Organisational Purposes of Businesses Essay
  • cyp core 3:1 Research Paper
  • unit 3 distinction 1 Essay
  • Reading Guide Chapter 1 Sections 1 3 Essay
  • Essay on section 1 study quesions
  • EDU 390 Week 1 to 3 Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free